notsofasteddie

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  1. Medical Marijuana Update

    Medical Marijuana Update by psmith, March 22, 2017 Busy, busy. Lawmakers in Arkansas and North Dakota try to "fix" medical marijuana initiatives, New York chronic pain patients can now use medical marijuana, a CBD compromise is reached in Georgia, and more. Arizona Last Thursday, the Court of Appeals upheld limits on PTSD recommendations. The state court of appeals ruled that the Department of Health Services was acting legally when it decided that doctors could only recommend medical marijuana for "palliative care" for PTSD. The department argued there was no evidence showing marijuana could actually cure people of PTSD. The department also limited recommendations to people who were already being treated for PTSD. An Arizona medical marijuana nurses group filed suit against the restrictions, but now the court has ruled against them. Arkansas Last Wednesday, a bill to ban edibles and public smoking won a committee vote. A bill that would bar medical marijuana patients from consuming edibles or from smoking their medicine in public was approved by the House Rules Committee. But the measure, House Bill 1400, faces an uphill battle to win final approval because any changes to the voter-approved medical marijuana law require a two-thirds vote to pass. Last Friday, the bill passed the House. The House voted to approve House Bill 1400, which would prohibit the smoking of medical marijuana anywhere tobacco smoking is prohibited. The bill passed 88-0. Under the bill, knowingly smoking medical marijuana in the presence of a pregnant woman would be prohibited. The measure also prohibits those under 21 from smoking medical marijuana. A bill that would have banned smoking medical marijuana at all has already died in the Senate. On Monday, the House killed a bill banning edibles. The House voted 52-40 to kill House Bill 1991, which would have banned the commercial production of medical marijuana edibles in the state. Bill sponsor Rep. Robin Lundstrum (R-Springdale) argued that patients could make their own and that medical marijuana is medicine, not candy, but her arguments failed to sway her peers. Georgia Last Thursday, url=http://www.ajc.com/news/state--regional-govt--politics/compromise-reached-over-expanding-georgia-medical-marijuana-law/Y3coremkdnXLP9s712m6HJ]lawmakers reached a compromise on a CBD cannabis oil bill[/url]. Lawmakers appear to have reached an agreement that would add six illnesses and conditions to the state's list of qualifying medical conditions, allow the use of CBD cannabis oil in hospice care, and keep the allowable level of THC in cannabis oil at 5% or less. That means Senate Bill 16 should now be able to pass out of the House Human Services Committee and head for a House floor vote. Massachusetts Last Thursday, bills to protect patients' employment rights filed. Even as the state Supreme Court heard a case on employment rights for medical marijuana patients, two bills alive in the state legislature would do just that. Rep. Frank Smizik (D-Brookline) has introduced House Bill 2385, which would explicitlyprotect the rights of a medical marijuana patient to use the drug without facing discrimination in hiring, firing or terms of employment. The bill would also protect medical marijuana patients from discrimination in education, housing and child welfare and custody cases. That bill is currently before the Committee on Marijuana Policy. A similar bill was filed last sessions, but didn't pass. A second bill, House Bill 113, is aimed mostly at updating state law to bring it in line with the Americans With Disabilities Act, but one provision clarifies that employers cannot take adverse employment action against someone for using medical marijuana. That bill is before the Joint Committee on Children, Families, and Persons with Disabilities. Nebraska Last Wednesday, a medical marijuana bill got a charged hearing. At a hearing in the Judiciary Committee, law enforcement, the state attorney general's office, and the state's top doctor all came out in opposition to a medical marijuana bill, Legislative Bill 622, but legislators also heard emotional testimony in favor of the bill from Army veterans and others who said they would benefit from access to medical marijuana. Five of the bill's sponsors sit on the eight-member Judiciary Committee, so the bill is likely to make it to a House floor vote, where opposition has killed similar measures in past years. Last Friday, the bill headed for a floor vote. The legislature's Judiciary Committee voted 6-1to advance Legislative Bill 622, which would bring medical marijuana to the Cornhusker state. The bill would authorize cultivation, manufacture, and distribution of medical marijuana products, but would ban smoking the herb or allowing patients to grow their own. The bill is opposed by Gov. Pete Ricketts (R), as well as the state's law enforcement establishment. Nevada On Monday, a bill was filed to let medical marijuana patients carry guns. State Sen. Kevin Atkinson (D-Las Vegas) filed Senate Bill 351. That measure would allow medical marijuana users to possess a firearm and a concealed carry permit. Current state law requires sheriffs to deny such permits for medical marijuana users. New Hampshire On Monday, a Senate committee approved the use of medical marijuana for Ehrlers-Danlos syndrome. The Senate Health, Human Services, and Elderly Committee has approved a bill that would add Ehlers-Danlos syndrome to the state's list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana. The measure now heads for a Senate floor vote. If it passes there, the House will take it up. New York Last Thursday, the Health Department said New Yorkers suffering chronic pain will be able to use medical marijuana starting this week. After announcing in December that it planned to add chronic paid to its list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana, the Health Department said patients could start getting recommendations for chronic pain beginning Wednesday. The department also announced that physicians' assistants can now recommend medical marijuana. “Improving patient access to medical marijuana continues to be one of our top priorities, as it has been since the launch of the program,” Health Commissioner Howard Zucker said in a statement. “These key enhancements further that goal." North Dakota On Tuesday, advocates threatened a lawsuit or new initiative in the face of legsialtive meddling. The head of the committee that ran the state's successful medical marijuana initiative campaign warned legislators that they could face a legal challenge or even another initiative campaign if they don't back away from changes contemplated in Senate Bill 2344, which has already passed the Senate. That measure bars patients and caregivers from growing their own plants and restricts the use of smoked medical marijuana to cases where a physician attests that no other form of marijuana would be effective. The comments came from Rilie Ray Morgan as he testified before the House Human Services Committee. Tennessee On Tuesday, a medical marijuana bill was prounounced dead. Rep. Jeremy Faison (R-Crosby) said that his medical marijuana bill, House Bill 495, is dead because senators were afraid to vote for it. "The Senate, bless their heart, are just scared to death of their voters," Faison said Tuesday after the House Health Committee shelved the bill and instead approved a non-binding marijuana-related resolution to study the issue over the summer. Utah On Tuesday, advocates announced plans for a 2018 initiative. Medical marijuana advocates are gearing up to try to put an initiative on the state's 2018 ballot. They said they would begin the process of signature gathering next month, and they cite promising polling. The state legislature has so far thwarted efforts to create a robust medical marijuana program. Virginia Last Thursday, the governor signed a bill legalizing pharmacy distribution of CBD and THC-A oil. Gov. Terry McAuliffe (D) signed Senate Bill 1027 into law. The bill allows for companies to manufacture and provide CBD cannabis oil and THC-A oil for the treatment of epilepsy and provides for its distribution through pharmacies. [For extensive information about the medical marijuana debate, presented in a neutral format,visit MedicalMarijuana.ProCon.org.] stopthedrugwar
  2. Amsterdam for Christmas? I'll wait for May!

    Quest for Amsterdam's Diamonds Pt17 NYE 2016 Smoke Report Hash Continued El Marssa Special Still More To Come.....
  3. Cannabis and Hemp Expo coming to Alberta this spring Coming to Edmonton and Calgary, the expo will attract leading cannabis and hemp businesses from Canada and the world By Special to Lift March 23, 2017 For the first time, Lift and Canwest Productions are partnering to bring the Cannabis and Hemp Expo to multiple cities in Alberta this year. We’re co-hosting the full two-day cannabis consumer trade in Edmonton on April 1 and 2, and in Calgary on May 6 and 7. Each event will attract a variety of consumers and leading businesses from Canada and the world. Vendors will include a diverse array of licensed producers, dispensaries, clinics, patient advocacy groups, head shops, growing equipment companies, and extract and derivative companies. Even Scentsy, a mainstream scented wax and candle company, is participating as a vendor, demonstrating the wide reach and burgeoning opportunity in the cannabis industry in Canada. The Cannabis and Hemp Expo provides opportunities for information exchange, networking and business development. It also offers education for the general public, industry and patients. Alternative resources like hemp are underused in our current market, and including hemp and cannabis in the same conference offers a unique opportunity to examine how hemp will be integrated in the burgeoning cannabis economy, and how these two plants can be produced sustainably. The Cannabis and Hemp Expo provides cannabis and hemp industry members a platform to discuss and assess mutual needs, like equipment, processing machinery, and other technology. “This is our first foray into Alberta, and we’re excited to partner with Canwest Production to bring the Lift Expo experience to more Canadians across the country,” explains Lift’s CEO, Matei Olaru. “With upcoming changes in legislation, we’re showcasing the opportunities across the developing industry by including representatives from all areas of cannabis and hemp businesses, from grow room equipment, to seed suppliers, to nutrient manufacturers, producers, farmers, and more. We’re excited to host industry thought leaders who are shaping the future of the cannabis landscape.” The Cannabis and Hemp Expo comes at an important time in Alberta, as both Calgary and Edmonton city councils are working with various groups, such as Alberta Public Health and the Edmonton Chamber of Commerce, to prepare for upcoming cannabis legalization. Initiatives include examining other jurisdictions for best practices and reporting on considerations for legalization. Many local organizations support legalization, and have been participating in the conversation around its challenges, such as updating workplace policies around drug use. We’ve arranged a full schedule of workshops and speakers throughout the conferences. Attendees can take in cannabis cooking demos by Cannaclinic’s Crystal the Weed Chef, or listen to Alberta Tech’s Jan Slaski speak on industrial hemp. Other speakers include Tilray’s Philippe Lucas on current research, and Land Faulty creative agency’s Joshua Kupsch on design and branding in the cannabis industry. Find advance tickets online for $10: purchase by March 30 for Edmonton and by May 5 for Calgary. Tickets for both events are $15 at the door. lift.co
  4. Cannabis and Hemp Expo coming to Alberta this spring Coming to Edmonton and Calgary, the expo will attract leading cannabis and hemp businesses from Canada and the world By Special to Lift March 23, 2017 For the first time, Lift and Canwest Productions are partnering to bring the Cannabis and Hemp Expo to multiple cities in Alberta this year. We’re co-hosting the full two-day cannabis consumer trade in Edmonton on April 1 and 2, and in Calgary on May 6 and 7. Each event will attract a variety of consumers and leading businesses from Canada and the world. Vendors will include a diverse array of licensed producers, dispensaries, clinics, patient advocacy groups, head shops, growing equipment companies, and extract and derivative companies. Even Scentsy, a mainstream scented wax and candle company, is participating as a vendor, demonstrating the wide reach and burgeoning opportunity in the cannabis industry in Canada. The Cannabis and Hemp Expo provides opportunities for information exchange, networking and business development. It also offers education for the general public, industry and patients. Alternative resources like hemp are underused in our current market, and including hemp and cannabis in the same conference offers a unique opportunity to examine how hemp will be integrated in the burgeoning cannabis economy, and how these two plants can be produced sustainably. The Cannabis and Hemp Expo provides cannabis and hemp industry members a platform to discuss and assess mutual needs, like equipment, processing machinery, and other technology. “This is our first foray into Alberta, and we’re excited to partner with Canwest Production to bring the Lift Expo experience to more Canadians across the country,” explains Lift’s CEO, Matei Olaru. “With upcoming changes in legislation, we’re showcasing the opportunities across the developing industry by including representatives from all areas of cannabis and hemp businesses, from grow room equipment, to seed suppliers, to nutrient manufacturers, producers, farmers, and more. We’re excited to host industry thought leaders who are shaping the future of the cannabis landscape.” The Cannabis and Hemp Expo comes at an important time in Alberta, as both Calgary and Edmonton city councils are working with various groups, such as Alberta Public Health and the Edmonton Chamber of Commerce, to prepare for upcoming cannabis legalization. Initiatives include examining other jurisdictions for best practices and reporting on considerations for legalization. Many local organizations support legalization, and have been participating in the conversation around its challenges, such as updating workplace policies around drug use. We’ve arranged a full schedule of workshops and speakers throughout the conferences. Attendees can take in cannabis cooking demos by Cannaclinic’s Crystal the Weed Chef, or listen to Alberta Tech’s Jan Slaski speak on industrial hemp. Other speakers include Tilray’s Philippe Lucas on current research, and Land Faulty creative agency’s Joshua Kupsch on design and branding in the cannabis industry. Find advance tickets online for $10: purchase by March 30 for Edmonton and by May 5 for Calgary. Tickets for both events are $15 at the door. lift.co
  5. Colorado countdown to 4/20: Your guide to what’s happening when The Front Range is gearing up for April 20: Here's a calendar of events scheduled so far By The Cannabist Staff Published: Mar 20, 2017 We’re just a few short weeks away from 4/20, a.k.a. the stoner’s rite of spring. Here in Colorado, 4/20 has been a big deal since well before the state legalized adult-use cannabis three years ago. And given that this year’s 4/20 happens on a Thursday — two days after the federal income tax deadline and two days ahead of Earth Day — there should be all sorts of reasons to celebrate. Trivia time: “420” reportedly became slang for cannabis-related activities decades ago, when a group of high school students in California used the term to describe their regular meet-up time after classes: 4:20 p.m., when they relaxed following what was presumably a hard day of academia. Here’s a calendar of events currently scheduled to take place in and around the 4/20 festivities. We’ll be updating this list all the way up to the big day. Got an event you’d like us to add? Send the details, including the name of the event, date, time, address, cost and a website or public phone contact to: [email protected] April 9: GoPuff Presents The Fourth Annual Denver Stoner Awards A Cannabis and Comedy Extravaganza 7:00 p.m. $20 online/$25 at the door. You must be 21 years of age to attend. The Bug Theatre, 3654 Navajo St., Denver April 14: High Holiday (420) Kickoff #SensiNight Hosted by Sensi Mag, entertainment and cannabis networking 8:00 p.m. – 2:00 a.m. RSVP for Free tickets City Hall, 1144 Broadway, Denver April 19: 420 Eve on the Rocks Scheduled to perform: Method Man & Redman, Flatbush ZOMBiES with Curren$y, $uicideBoy$, Futuristic, RDGLDGRN, Afroman, ProbCause Doors open at 4:00 p.m., General admission tickets $45.00 online, $50.00 at the door Red Rocks Amphitheatre, 18300 West Alameda Parkway Morrison April 20: Denver 420 Rally – Civic Center Park Grammy award-winning rapper 2 Chainz scheduled to headline. A free event that bills itself as the world’s first and largest 420 marijuana rally and cultural festival returns to Civic Center Park, from 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. April 20: 420 HEAD RUSH Music, Arts and Culture Festival 2:00 p.m – 2:00 a.m. $10-$20 Lincoln Station Bar, 776 Lincoln St., Denver April 20: LITTY LIT 420 Celebration 4:20 p.m. – 11:59 p.m., Tickets: $10 An entire day of fun and festivities. Speakeasy Vape Lounge and Cannabis Club 2508 E Bijou St, Colorado Springs April 20: 420 On The Block A multi-venue event featuring music, art, comedy, speakers and other festivities. 4:20 p.m. – 2:00 a.m., Tickets: March Price: $33 (limited number available) April Price: $42, Day of Show: $50 Multiple Locations, Denver April 20: Denver 420 After Party Sponsored by Club 64, 1 Blunt Radio and 710 Radio 6:00 p.m. – 11:30 p.m., Tickets: $10 – $100 Spectra Art Space, 1836 South Broadway, Denver April 20: The Expendables – 4/20 Celebration Also scheduled to perform: RDGLDGRN, Tribal Theory Doors 7:00 PM / Show 8:00 PM, Tickets: $20 – $65 Boulder Theater, 2032 14th Street, Boulder April 20: DeadPhish Orchestra with Dead Floyd Doors: 8:00 p.m./Show: 9:00 p.m. 21 and over. Tickets: $10 – $30 Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox, 1215 20th Street , Denver April 20: Gucci Mane Doors open: 7:00/Show: 8:00 p.m.Ages 16 and over Tickets: $65 online, $75 door Ogden Theatre, 935 East Colfax, Denver April 20: Freaky’s 4/20 Celebration 7pm: Uncalled Four comedy game show 9pm: Ying Yang Twins Tickets: $15-25 The Oriental Theater (4335 W. 44th Ave. Denver) April 20 to April 23: 420 Weekend At Studio420 Stoner activities, raffles and giveaways. Ages 21+ only. Noon to Midnight, $20 per day per person, all day access. Daily VIP $100 per person. Studio420, 3995 S. Broadway, Englewood April 23: Snoop Dogg / Wiz Khalifa with special guest Cypress Hill and Berner Doors open: 6:30 p.m./Show: 7:30 p.m. Tickets: $64.95 online, $70 Door Red Rocks Amphitheatre, 18300 West Alameda Parkway, Morrison thecannabist
  6. Amsterdam for Christmas? I'll wait for May!

    Quest for Amsterdam's Diamonds Pt17 NYE 2016 Smoke Report Pengaldinho Sat 11th Mar 2017 11:56 am This Trip report is 3 months late and I took no notes so I wont do day by day as usual. Stayed at http://amsterdam.citymundo.com/accommod ... ht-l10715/ which was great place with perfect location. The price wasnt as crazy as some others i saw around NYE. The trip didn't start well our - flight was delayed about 4hours and my other mate who was on a later flight 8hours due to fog. When we finally got their I popped into Voyagers, checked in at the apartment, pancake carousel - poffertjes machine broken, pancakes eaten. I ate lots of oliebollen and applenflappen/beguit from the stalls over the trip Its hard to walk past and not buy at least one! We met my mate at Bataiva, ate burger bar, hit Boerejongens and maybe somewhere else before heading back. Next day paid a last visit to my favorite ever coffeeshop - De Graal- spent a chilled few hours upstairs. Got some modern marrocs that I rosined. Albert Cuyp Market - hot fresh stroopwafel, beats wallys waffles for me. NYE is a bit of a blur, saw the lights from the light festival and smoked and drank alot Ate at De Klos, Loetje was closed when we tried to go on new years day so we got a Chinese some where which was decent. Banh mi, dumplings, poke, burgers and more at Food Hallen. Cooked a chicken with mac n cheese one night. Biladi Couscous royale - bet thing I ate, the lamb was amazing Tagine Got some bits and bobs from Holtkamp including tarte tatin which they gave me some vanilla cream to go with Weed Scotts OG, Voyagers - nice but not outstanding SLH - Boer, my mate got this - pretty good batch Kosher - best smoke of trip from Easy Times. More To Come....
  7. A look inside a licensed cannabis testing lab Potency, purity, and pathogens — oh my! By Scott Johnstone March 16, 2017 In 2015, Justin Trudeau’s election campaign brought cannabis legalization into the forefront of mainstream discussion. In the wake of that campaign, a proliferation of cannabis producers and distributors sprang up and into view across Canada, bringing with them an old concern on a new, national-market scale: safety. As burgeoning legal and grey-area markets emerged, the need was created for a new, adjacent industry to provide the analysis and safety assurance normally required of traditional food and drugs. Labs began offering testing services through which growers and cannabis users can turn a small sample into a wealth of information, and Lift News was recently granted a tour of one such testing lab. Half an hour outside of British Columbia’s capital city, the team at M B Laboratories toils amidst an array of vials, data sheets, and state of the art, high-tech machines. They’re working with samples of cannabis in various forms to determine the potency and safety of the samples brought to them by growers, licensed producers, and their customers. On average, M B Laboratories (MBL) receives between 10 and 70 samples each week, which they test for cannabinoid levels and terpene profiles, as well as contaminants like mould, microscopic bugs, and heavy metals. Each sample goes through rigorous processing and analysis, with results typically being available five to ten days after samples are provided. The full testing process consists of five stages of processing; preparation, chromatography, general spectrometry, heavy metal spectrometry, and finally, microbial analysis. Preparation (The turn-it-into-goo station) The lab receives samples in a wide variety of forms, but most of their equipment requires samples to be entered in uniform liquid solutions. As an example of how they accomplish this, a tray was shown, holding vials containing partially dissolved gummi candies, fully ground cookies, and a green liquid that was previously a solid bud. Vials of solution waiting to be tested Each sample is first pulverized completely, so as to ensure uniform homogeneity (for exapmple, a dried flower would be turned into a fine powder and mixed thoroughly, so that every test run from that bud would be made up of an equal representation of the overall composition). Then sub-samples are taken and introduced into solvent, and eventually rendered into a pure liquid form that can be analyzed by the lab’s highly sensitive instruments. MBL accepts samples from any person with a doctor’s prescription or proof of a valid medical condition, as well as any person or company with a license under the current ACMPR or former MMAR and MMPR regulations. Operating under a general narcotics license, they’re one of just over a dozen labs in Canada that are legally sanctioned to perform testing and analysis of cannabis, and that adhere to international USP standards. Most commonly, the samples they receive are in the form of oils, edibles, and dried flowers, however sometimes people also bring them samples of individual components such as trichomes and roots. One of the first samples shown on this tour was a live plant—still potted in soil—which the client had requested be screened for unwanted fungal growth and nutrient deficiency, aiming to improve the health of their suffering crop. Once samples are prepared in solution, they’re ready to be moved on to analysis. Chromatography (The potency-and-pesticides station) The first testing station on the tour was an area that serves two primary functions: the measurement of cannabinoid levels to determine potency, and the inspection of samples to detect the presence of pesticides. The station consists of two machines, each one an Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatograph (UHPLC)—extremely sensitive devices that measure the amounts of individual components that make up whatever is being tested. In broad terms, they do this by passing the sample through a structure that causes the components to separate, so each component can be assessed and compared to official standards and control samples such as pure THC, CBD, etc. The first chromatograph in which samples are tested at MBL is a Tunable UV Detector (TUVD), which uses ultraviolet light to measure the absorbance of various cannabinoids. That absorbance measurement is then used to determine the potency of the sample, and to help map the overall cannabinoid profile of the strain. The second machine is a Liquid Chromatograph with dual Mass Spectrometers (LC-MSMS), which M B Labs uses to detect pesticides and fungal toxins. In a nutshell, one machine is used to measure the things clients want, and one machine is used to detect things clients don’t want. chromatograph machine But the combination of the two machines is greater than the sum of their parts. The TUVD, which measures on a scale of parts-per-million, detects and identifies various cannabinoids. Meanwhile the more sensitive LC-MSMS, which measures on a scale of parts-per-billion and even parts-per-trillion, provides confirmation of the initial TUVD results, and vice-versa for the detection and confirmation of pesticides. This combined result set provides more confidence in the individual results either machine produces, as well as a more comprehensive view of the overall composition of the strain or sample being tested. But just as there are more things in this world than are dreamt of in our philosophies, so too are there more things in cannabis than simple potency and contaminants. For a closer look, samples are brought to the next section of the tour… Mass Spectrometry (The terpenes-and-more station) Most people are familiar with cannabis, most boomers with hashish, and even your great grandmother has probably heard the term ‘THC’ once or twice. But a rapidly growing niche among connoisseurs centers around a group of molecules called terpenes, which are found in various combinations within virtually every food and flower known to humankind. These terpene molecules are responsible for the flavours and smells in cannabis, and their medicinal qualities are the subject of much recent research. The mass spectrometry station at MBL provides details about terpene composition, as well as in-depth analysis of any pesticides detected during the chromatography stage. Their spectrometers ionize samples by bombarding them with electrons, and then separate the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio. Once sorted by polarity and mass, the output is then processed by an advanced piece of software that matches detected compounds to entries in a database of pesticides, as well as to MBL’s own internal library of terpenes. Mass spectrometers Samples are screened for over 900 different compounds, which include 37 identified terpenes—especially important in live resin or non-decarboxylated extractions. MBL is also developing a technique that uses metabolic and terpene profiles to help producers and end users identify strains and traits that are best suited for various conditions and preferences. The new technique, which MBL has already used to build a database of 150 distinct terpenes, is due to be presented at the upcoming Lift Expo in Toronto this Spring. Before leaving the general spectrometry station, part of the evaluation can include testing for residue from solvents used during extraction for concentrates and edibles. Once this round of spectrometry is complete, samples move on to be tested for heavy metals. Heavy Metal Mass Spectrometry (The brutal-inferno station) At the center of the heavy metal station burns a white-hot flame, surrounded by a black mesh cage. MuchMusic hasn’t started playing music videos by 3 Inches of Blood again, it’s just science at work. Standing by the spectrometer was MBL’s senior analytical chemist, Dr. Harry Hartmann. His outward appearance matching that of the quintessential bespectacled scientist, Dr. Hartmann provided a detailed walkthrough of how heavy metals like lead, chromium, and mercury are detected within cannabis samples, and how amounts of metals are measured. This machine, an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICPMS), individually tests and measures amounts of 33 individual metals. According to Dr. Hartmann, the metalloids he finds in cannabis most commonly are arsenic and cadmium (in small amounts). He says the number one cause of positive hits is phosphorous fertilizer, which is often very high in cadmium. “Lots of metals occur naturally in soil, fertiliser, etc,” he volunteers. “This tests to ensure that if any are found, the amount is within safe levels.” Samples entered into the ICPMS undergo a process whereby they are subjected to a white-hot flame that burns hotter than a welding torch. The machine applies radio waves to an internal coil within an argon chamber, until it causes the argon to burn. Dr. Hartmann adds, “argon doesn’t burn easily, you’ve really gotta sock it to it”. A vacuum then sucks the gas into another chamber. “You basically just vaporise it,” says Hartmann. “You strip off the electrons, and are left with plasma.” The plasma is then sent into a spectrometer which measures the individual masses within the plasma. To prevent light particles (photons) from affecting the results, the path the gas takes on its way to the mass spectrometer zig-zags back and forth. This causes the light to be stopped at the angled walls, while the metals being measured pass through to the end of the corridor, into the detector. The particular model of ICPMS used by MB Labs incorporates a newer feature that further breaks up compounds on their way to the spectrometer. This is especially useful when testing for mercury, which Dr. Hartmann says has traditionally caused problems in older industry machines, often resulting in false positives. The newer model used by MBL fixes that problem by bombarding the samples with hydrogen-helium gas as they pass through the machine. When samples are finished making their way through chromatography and spectrometry, they’re sent upstairs to the microbiology lab. Microbial Analysis (The omg-what’s-that station) The final stop on the tour, this lab had no big appliances or machines with flaming jets in them. Instead, the microbiology lab had two high-powered microscopes, and enough petri dishes to build a small fort. Microscope in the microbial analysis station The two primary categories of things tested for in this stage are foreign matter (eg, “spider bits,” pieces of glass, or anything else that wouldn’t normally be found within a plant’s biology), and foreign organisms (ie, things that are actively growing, such as bacterial culture, mould, or other fungal growth). That second category also includes pathogens. Most commonly, producers of edibles bring M B Labs samples to test for salmonella before being sold in dispensaries, but according to MBL, salmonella is quite uncommon compared to shigella, which they say is detected more often. Shigella is the bacteria responsible for causing shigellosis, a diseases that behaves similarly to (and is often mistaken for) salmonella. A subspecies of shigella, ‘Shigella dysenteriae’ (aka dysentery) was responsible for the deaths of over 80,000 soldiers during the American Civil War. With modern sewage treatment standards shigella is uncommon in developed nations, but according to Dr. Hartmann, the biggest cause of this kind of bacteria being found in cannabis is that some cottage-industry producers use untreated sewage and/or ‘manure tea’ as fertilizer. “They think it’s organic,” says Dr. Hartmann, “but in fact, in terms of food testing and drug testing, organics are the worst. Growers think it’s all-natural, but natural and clean are not necessarily the same.” He adds, “there’s a very good reason things go one-way,” gesturing in mimicry of digestive peristalsis. MBL’s general manager, Victoria Ingram, expanded on that, adding that the majority of edibles producers bring them samples with the simple goal of verifying potency. “What we’re trying to promote right now,” she says, “is that it’s also a food product, and so it needs to follow the same safety guidelines that any other food product has to follow, including a full microbiological screen.” Testing is performed by taking culture samples and putting them in petri dishes coated in a film that contains inhibitors. The inhibitors prevent certain cultures from growing, while allowing others to grow unfettered. Under the microscope, their analysts are able to detect, identify, and even count individual spores. With the tour coming to an end I had a few more questions, not least of which was who their typical customers are. According to Ingram, most of their samples are brought to them by growers, however they’re increasingly seeing samples from end users who bought something from a licensed producer or a dispensary and had a bad reaction to it. As an example, although licensed producers are prohibited from using unauthorized pesticides, recently two Canadian LPs issued recalls after the pesticides myclobutanil and/or bifenazate were detected in their products. Another example Ingram offered was a sample provided by an end user who found that the effects from a dispensary or LP purchase weren’t as expected. When tested, the dosage of the sample was found to be three times larger than what was labelled on the packaging. Gummy bears being dissolved in preparation for testing Ingram continued. “People are using it as a medicine,” she said, adding, “we want to make sure they’re consistently getting what they think they’re getting, and that they’re not getting anything they shouldn’t be.” She also emphasized that accessibility of information is a priority for MBL. “We pride ourselves on being available. Even just for someone to be able to phone us up and ask if we test for something—and why it’s important—is a big component.” MB Labs will be celebrating its 35-year anniversary next year. When they first started offering cannabis testing roughly three years ago there were only two other officially licensed cannabis testing labs in Canada, both east of the prairies. Now there are 17, with at least one in almost every province. Those labs will be increasingly important as the federal government’s plan for legalization approaches implementation, with producers of cannabis, concentrates, and edibles facing the inevitability of the cannabis industry being subject to the same regulatory standards as existing food and drug markets. lift.co
  8. The 2017 High Times Seed Bank Hall of Fame By Danny Danko March 17, 2017 Harvest time at Crockett Family Farms We’re excited to be adding another 10 seed companies to our illustrious list of the world’s best pot breeders. Behold the HIGH TIMES Cannabis Cup winners with prized genetics that are improving the quality of the cannabis gene pool with great and unique strains that stand the test of time. Compiled by Danny Danko and T.H. Caeczar Crockett Family Farms Since 2008, Crockett has been known for two incredibly popular cultivars that have won many awards over the past few years both for Crockett himself and others using his genetics: We’re talking, of course, of the Tangie and Strawberry Banana. These terped-out powerhouses have many people head over heels for Crockett’s crazy flavors in both flower and concentrate form. The now-legendary Tangie alone has won some two dozen prizes worldwide! Growing has been Crockett family affair for three generations, and their emphasis is always on a superior medicinal and connoisseur-quality end result. Some other varieties that have become very popular are Double Tangie Banana, Sour Banana Sherbet, Clementine and Citrus Sap. This is another seed company to keep your eyes on if you’re interested in tropical, fruity aromas and flavors. Be sure to watch for the Banana Pie crosses being released throughout 2017. Tina Danza – Swamp Boys Seeds Swamp Boys Seeds Swamp Boys Seeds is a successful collaboration between Cornbread Ricky and Krome, two old friends from Florida. These creative breeders have undeniably made today’s cannabis community a better place, chiefly by sharing two legendary strains: Triangle Kush and The White. Since relocating to California, the Swamp Boys have been consistently discovering new genetics, combining their tried-and-true strains with some of the newer varieties to create innovative and unique standout cultivars. Notable strains attributed to Swamp Boys Seeds (either created or selected) include McFly White Fire #3, Trigerian, Nookies, Blockhead, Mojito, Rogan and Tina Danza. Their current project consists of six crosses with their Georgia Pine male (Killer Queen G-13 x William’s Wonder) and six with their Orange Blossom Trail (Old Florida Orange Skunk). Keep your eyes peeled for the new Nigerian crosses that are being released. If you didn’t like Haze before, you might change your mind when you see what’s coming out soon! Star Dawg – Top Dawg Seeds Top Dawg Seeds The creator of JJ’s Nigerian Haze, Tres Dawg and the ever- popular Star Dawg is Mr. JJNYC himself, the breeder behind Top Dawg Seeds. Since the early 2000s, Top Dawg Seeds have been building their reputation for having access to legit and verified Chemdog-approved strains that just about any grower would love to add to their garden. JJ’s been creating new cultivars with rare, highly-sought-after clones like the Chem D, Chem 91, Nigerian Silk, Legend OG and other rare classics like the Mango Haze, Kali Mist and Strawberry Cough—and we can’t neglect to mention Money Mike and the super-popular I-95 crosses he and JJ have been working on. With the soaring demand for Top Dawg Seeds, expect to see these Chem cultivars in more places than ever! If you like those chlorine-bleach-and-Ajax, sour-halitosis-morning-breath, garlicky gas-station terps, you’re in for a treat! “I would like to thank JoeB, PBud, Chemdog, the Weasel, SkunkVA, SI Pete, Money Mike, HIGH TIMES and everyone in the Chem Family who preserved and shared the Chem lines. Without your contributions, this wouldn’t be possible for me. Chem Family Forever!” —JJNYC Schlemons -The Source Genetics The Source Genetics ThaRealOGKushman of the Source Genetics has been growing and breeding cannabis on the West Coast on and off for over 20 years … one of his earliest breeding projects being a Skunk #1 x Super Skunk cross when he was only 17! Over the years, he’s developed a keen eye for keepers and a highly selective strategy for finding incredible breeding lines that he uses to create elite hand-picked seeds. The Source Genetics debuted in 2013. A year later, they won first place for Best Indica at the Cannabis Cup with Cookie Monster, and then another two awards in 2015: third place for Best Hash with Gluekie Monster, and first place for Best Sativa (in NorCal!) with the amazing lemon-citrus bomb called Schlemons. 2017 will see the release of a few gems from ThaRealOGKushman’s vault, such as the Cookie Monster, which he’ll finally be making available to the public. Keep your eyes peeled and pick up a pack of seeds when that happens you don’t miss out on another potential Cup winner! Goji OG – Bodhi Seeds Bodhi Seeds Bodhi Seeds have been incredibly consistent for many years when it comes to producing high-quality seeds and cultivars. Most breeders can’t hold a flame to Bodhi and the level he’s at when it comes to selections: Many consider him among the top five breeders to date. Some of the males he’s selected for his breeding projects have included the Appalachia (Tres Dawg x Green Crack) and an 88 G-13 x Hash Plant cross that’s been producing nothing but superior A-grade genetics with intense effects, incredible aromas and unique flavor profiles. Some of Bodhi’s most popular strains include the Goji OG, Sunshine Daydream, Sunshine #4, Snow Lotus and Red-Eye Jedi, but there are so many more we could name. If you don’t have any Bodhi Seeds in your seed vault, mother-plant quiver or personal head-stash grow, you’re definitely missing out. Grape Stomper – Gage Green Group Gage Green Group Since their first release with Attitude Seed Bank in 2010, Gage Green Group (GGG) have been slowly building a demand for their gear from growers in the know. Their Mendo Breath boasts the biggest popularity to date, but you can’t go wrong with anything they produce, including their incredible recent Cannabis Cup winner Grape Stomper. Founders Keyplay and M4k started the group in a sincere attempt to improve the cannabis gene pool with their natural breeding techniques, including selecting only the finest cultivars to ensure the highest quality. “We at Gage Green Group will expand our repertoire this year with a new line of championship genetics. Our new explorations will involve many Hazes and distinct landraces in order to diversify the already exceptional expression of Gage Green Genetics. As usual, we’ll be incorporating heirloom clones that meet our high standards. We continue to revitalize world-class clones, such as the OGKB, through living soil and beneficial farming practices so that our champions will be pure and unhindered by chemicals. After decades of working with pure, natural methods, our quest for miraculous herb has only just begun!” —Gage Green Group White Cashmere – Aficionado Seeds Aficionado Seeds Mean Gene and Leo Stone started Aficionado Seeds in 2013, primarily as a way of preserving old-school genetics and the old way of doing things in the Emerald Triangle. Prior to that, they spent over 20 years customizing strains for private clients. Their rare genetics, such as the Chemdawg Special Reserve, Cherry Limeade, Nubia and Black Lime Reserve, have taken home over a dozen awards in various competitions thus far, with others sure to follow in the future. As a premium artisanal brand, their seeds do come with a premium designer price tag attached. The team at Aficionado breed small batches, so everything is ultra-limited-edition and highly exclusive. They also breed specifically for the smokers, because those are the people who ultimately create the demand—not the growers. Their 2016 menu includes the Legend of Mandlebrot Special Memorial Release, dedicated to a revered and recently departed Emerald Triangle breeder. With lots of careful selection and testing going into their work, you can pretty much guarantee that whatever you get from Aficionado Seeds will be flawless. Cinderella 99 – Brothers Grimm Seeds Brothers Grimm Seeds This induction has been a long time coming! Originally founded in 1996, Brothers Grimm became known for strong and stable strains. When they shut down in 2002 due to security concerns, the original Cinderella 99 seed stock was quickly depleted and became unavailable until their recent resurrection in 2016. During the dozen or so years in between, the C-99 became more than just popular—it reached cult status as the holy grail of indoor marijuana. Many attempts were made by other breeders to copycat the strain, but none ever hit the mark. Mr. Soul decided in 2015 to retrieve his famous clone Princess and the cache of seeds he’d saved from Brothers Grimm in 2002. He grew the seeds to select a P94-generation male and then pollinated the Princess exactly as he’d done in 1999 to create the original Cinderella 99 seeds. Some other outstanding strains from Brothers Grimm are the legendary Apollo 11, Killer Queen and their newest sensational creation, Rosetta Stone. “Brothers Grimm are honored to be inducted! Keep an eye out, for our best is yet to come. ” —Mr. Soul and Duke Diamond Dragon Fruit – 3rd Generation Family/ Terp Hogz 3rd Generation Family/Terp Hogz (Dying Breed Seeds) This collective of farmers from Northern California have decades of experience and the strains to prove it, racking up dozens of awards over the last few years. They made their name with the indica-dominant Zkittlez strain, which has won many prizes for flowers and concentrates due to its unique tropical-candy flavor and uplifting buzz. This crew is also known for their OG Eddy Lepp strain and the inimitable Rosé with the flavor and fragrance of berries and flowers. The trichome production and terpene profiles of these varieties make them ideal for concentrate production. Two new strains called the OZ Kush and Hot Lixz, both released in 2015, also helped propel the 3rd Gen Fam to prominence in the eyes of growers and smokers. If you’re on a “terp quest” and pheno-hunting for some unique, sweet-and-fruity aromas and flavors, you’ll find what you’re looking for in a pack of beans from this reliable group of breeders. Cookies and Cream – Exotic Genetix Exotic Genetix Exotic Genetix started up in 2008 and have dominated the last decade with some phenomenal strains. Much of their success has come from their Kimbo Kush and Cookies and Cream. If it wasn’t for the man known as “Backwood County Grower” somewhere up in NorCal with the original F1 seed stock of the Alien line (straight from the person who sourced it from Afghanistan), many seed companies wouldn’t be where they are today. With 11 first-place Cannabis Cup wins, seven second-place awards and four third-place wins since 2012, Exotic Genetix show no signs of slowing down anytime soon. With their newest release of The Cube (Starfighter F1 x Starfighter IX2) and several new Cube crosses, expect to see many growers in 2017 pumping out some serious heat! “We make exotic strains for the exotic grower. With over 20 HIGH TIMES Cannabis Cup awards since 2012, we have the strains you should be growing!” —Exotic Genetix Previous HIGH TIMES Seed Bank Hall of Fame Inductees 2007: The First 10 (plus five pioneers no longer in business) Sensi Seeds/Sensi Seed Club Flying Dutchmen Paradise Seeds Reeferman Seeds Soma Seeds Green House Seeds Sagarmatha Seeds T.H.Seeds (originally CIA/KGB) Legend/DJ Short Serious Seeds Esteemed Pioneers Emeritus Sacred Seeds/Cultivator’s Choice The Seed Bank Super Sativa Seed Club (SSSC) Lowlands Weed/Seed Company Positronics 2009 Inductees BC Bud Depot Big Buddha Seeds Barney’s Farm Delta 9 Labs DNA Genetics Vancouver Island Seed Company Next Generation Seed Company Dutch Passion High Bred Seeds Subcool Seeds/TGA/The Green Avengers 2012 Inductees Dr. Greenthumb Cali Connection Mandala Seeds Resin Seeds Dinafem Magus Genetics Chimera Seeds Mr. Nice Seeds Homegrown Fantaseeds Bonguru Beans 2014 Inductees La Plata Labs Rare Dankness Karma Genetics Grand Daddy Purp Genetics Elemental Seeds Archive Seed Bank Loud Seeds Devil’s Harvest Hortilab Seeds MTG Seeds For all of HIGH TIMES’ grow coverage, click here. hightimes
  9. Medical Marijuana Update

    Medical Marijuana Update by psmith, March 15, 2017 Arkansas and Florida continue grappling with implementing the will of the voters, a Colorado bill to limit personal grows advances, Kansas legislators advance a CBD bill despites the wishes of medical marijuana activists, and more. Arkansas On Monday, the Senate agbain rejected a ban on smoked medical marijuana. For the second time in a week, the Senate has rejected Senate Bill 357, which would have banned smoking of medical marijuana. The Senate rejected the bill on a 15-11 vote and slapped down a later motion to allow it come back for yet another vote by a margin of 11-0. Colorado Last Friday, the House gave preliminary approval to cutting home cultivation plant limits. The House voted to give preliminary approval to House Bill 17-1220, which would limit medical marijuana home grows to 16 plants per residence. The current limit is 99 plants. Gov. John Hickenlooper (D) and law enforcement support the bill as a means of reducing diversion. The House must vote on the bill again this week before sending it to the Senate. Florida As of Sunday, state lawmakers had six competing medical marijuana plans to choose from. Voters approved medical marijuana at the ballot box last November. Now, the legislature is trying to figure out how to implement it. Here's an overview of the six competing plans. Kansas Last Thursday, a Senate committee approved a CBD bill, but activists were not happy. The Senate Federal and State Affairs Committee approved a CBD cannabis oil bill, but only after gutting the original bill, Senate Bill 155, and replacing it with Senate Bill 151, which would only allow doctors to recommend "non-intoxicating" cannabinoid medications. "This is not the scope of what those who want to see prescriptive authority for medical marijuana want," said Sen. David Haley (D-Kansas City), who sponsored the original bill. Haley said he would attempt to restore the original bill this week. West Virginia Last Thursday, the House killed a surprise bid to reschedule marijuana. Seeing that medical marijuana legislation was going nowhere in Charleston, Delegate Shawn Fluharty (D-Ohio) attempted to inset an amendment into a routine drug scheduling bill that would have moved marijuana from Schedule I to Schedule IV. The amendment excited several hours of debate, but was ultimately killed on a 35-64 vote. "Why are we so scared of helping people?" Fluharty argued in closing floor debate. "That's exactly what this does." [For extensive information about the medical marijuana debate, presented in a neutral format, visit MedicalMarijuana.ProCon.org.] stopthedrugwar
  10. Marc and Jodie Emery ordered to cease operation of Cannabis Culture Nick Eagland Published on: March 11, 2017 Marc and Jodie Emery talk to the press outside the Old City Hall court in Toronto after their release on bail. Jack Boland / Toronto Sun The business empire built by Canada’s “Prince and Princess of Pot” is on the verge of collapse. Marc and Jodie Emery have been ordered to cease operating their Cannabis Culture dispensary business after they were arrested Wednesday at Pearson Airport while on their way catch a flight to Barcelona, Jodie said Saturday in a phone call from Toronto. Emery said they were taken into custody by plainclothes officers as they exited an Uber vehicle and were later strip-searched and detained. She described their treatment by police as “disturbing and shocking” and said they were only permitted to speak with lawyers hours after the arrest. “We’ve literally been stripped naked in the strip search and stripped of everything we’ve built, everything we’ve worked so hard for all these years,” Emery said. The following day, police in Toronto, Hamilton, Ont. and Vancouver executed 11 search warrants, while three of the Emerys’ associates in Cannabis Culture were also arrested. The five defendants were charged Thursday with a range of counts, including drug trafficking and conspiracy to commit an indictable offence. At a bail hearing Friday, the five defendants were represented by Toronto lawyers Jack Lloyd and Dan Stein. All five were released on bail that afternoon with conditions, Lloyd said when reached by phone in Toronto. They are set to appear in court the morning of April 21, he said. Emery described the conditions handed to her and her husband as “onerous.” The Vancouver couple are now required to stay and live in Ontario, though Jodie may visit her home city with court permission, she said. They have been banned from entering any Cannabis Culture location or office, including the B.C. Marijuana Party and Cannabis Culture magazine headquarters in Vancouver, and Emery can’t speak with staff or deal with business operations in any way, she said. The couple have been given two weeks to remove themselves from any bank accounts associated with the business. “It’s utterly heartbreaking, really,” Emery said. “My entire adult life has been 100-per-cent dedicated to Cannabis Culture and our mission for legalization and cannabis for freedom.” Marc and Jodie Emery at the opening of a Cannabis Culture store in Montreal in December 2016. Paul Chiasson / THE CANADIAN PRESS The Emerys, longtime staples of B.C.’s pot advocacy scene, own the Cannabis Culture brand. It has been used by a chain of marijuana dispensaries in B.C., Ontario and Quebec that has expanded over the last two years. Although Canada’s Liberal government has said it plans to introduce legislation later this year to legalize non-medicinal marijuana sales and use, pot dispensaries remain illegal under federal law. Emery said she believes they were targeted for their longtime activism and civil disobedience, and believes Toronto police, who co-ordinated last week’s “Project Gator,” may have been exacting revenge after charges were dropped against employees arrested during the “Project Claudia” raids in Toronto last May. “I feel fair to say this is a political persecution and the police and the government are looking at preventing us from being able to exercise our right to be active and to run businesses,” she said. Emery said the couple will speak on Monday with lawyers, who have advised them not to discuss specifics around charges and allegations made against them. She believes the case will “drag out” for years in court but, as it unfolds, “the truth will come out” and people will “see that a lot of the police propaganda is untrue,” she said. Rob Gordon, a professor of criminology at Simon Fraser University, said that while hundreds of dispensaries have opened across Canadian cities in recent years, the Toronto police probably chose to target the Emerys because of their high profile and envelope-pushing strategies. “One of their characteristics is always to cross the line in as dramatic and public a manner as they can, because that’s how they advance their particular cause,” Gordon said, adding police may have wanted “to make an example out of them.” “They’re thumbing their nose at government, the federal government in particular,” Gordon said, adding the Toronto police may have felt pressure “from on high.” “Quite clearly the message from government to those police forces is: ‘enforce the law,’” Gordon said. The pot sold in retail dispensaries across the country probably comes from a range of sources, said Gordon. Possible sources include growers licensed for personal medicinal production selling their surplus, or unlicensed grow-ops, whether run by criminal organizations or small-scale farmers. Gordon said he wouldn’t be surprised if some pot makes its way north from U.S. states such as Washington, where recreational use has been legalized. Details of the supply chain for Cannabis Culture, as with every other storefront dispensary in the country, remain unclear. The source of their cannabis is illegal, even for dispensaries that have received business licences from municipalities like Vancouver and Victoria. There are 39 producers across Canada licensed to produce cannabis, but their only legal distribution channel is to sell through the mail to patients registered with Health Canada. Earlier this year, Emery told the Financial Post the pot sold at Cannabis Culture locations comes from “brokers who get it from those with medical growing licences. Many of the connections have stood for decades.” “She equates the growers to farmers at a local market,” the Post reported. “They are proud of their product and would like to come forward, but prohibition forces them to stay in the dark.” vancouversun
  11. Emerys Arrested, Strip-Searched, Banned From Own Business by Court Justin Trudeau and Parliament aren't going to move quickly on cannabis legalization without civil disobedience Russ Belville Global Drug War News March 11, 2017 Marc Emery, Russ Belville, and Jodie Emery in Vancouver, Summer 2016. Once again, friends of mine have been arrested for providing cannabis to adults who want it. This time, it’s Canada’s Marc and Jodie Emery, the so-called Prince and Princess of Pot. “This is my first time being arrested and detained and forced to strip naked in a very degrading fashion,” Jodie Emery said outside Toronto’s Old City Hall courthouse on Friday evening. [They and 3 others] were ordered to surrender their passports, banned from having weapons and told they cannot consume controlled substances unless they have legitimate prescriptions. They are all due back in court on April 21. The Emerys said that their bail conditions mean they cannot run their stores, nor can they work on their magazine Cannabis Culture. (April 21, really? Forbidden from consuming cannabis up through 4/20? And a court date the next day?) By the letter of the law, what Marc and Jodie have been up to is illegal. By the will of the people, however, how can they be considered criminals? Prime Minister Justin Trudeau ran a campaign that boldly promised the legalization of cannabis in Canada. His win signified that Canadians are ready to follow the lead of Uruguay and eight US states in taxing and regulating the production and sale of cannabis to adults. A summer poll by CTV News found that almost 7-in-10 Canadians support cannabis legalization. That same poll, however, found that almost 6-in-10 Canadians believe the current prohibition should be enforced until the laws are changed. Why? Why continue to enforce a law the people clearly disagree with? In the worst-case scenario, Marc and Jodie are negligibly harming adult cannabis consumers who are voluntarily choosing to purchase and ingest a product without the government’s seal of approval. But that’s something those adults have been doing ever since they started using cannabis under prohibition, so there’s really no net harm to the consumer. In the best-case scenario, they are creating jobs, generating economic activity, and bringing adults into a secure location for transactions they’d otherwise be making in the streets with actual criminals who trade in other drugs and maintain their market share through violence. Sixty-nine percent of Canadians think the latter scenario is how cannabis should be handled. So, what’s the point of arresting, cuffing, stripping, prodding, fining, grounding, and banning the Emerys for providing cannabis to adults in a manner that approximates how cannabis will be provided to adults after Trudeau’s legalization plan passes? Because it’s against the law? Like fifty-nine percent of Canadians think? Maybe I’m in the minority because I don’t see the use of cannabis by adults as an issue of the government regulating commerce. I see it as the government restricting civil liberties. What I put into my body and how I construct my mind is my business alone. From the skin in, I am sovereign or I am not free. What Marc and Jodie and others who push the envelope on this issue are doing is maintaining the civil disobedience necessary to create the irritation needed to spur otherwise recalcitrant politicians into action. In the United States in the early 1960s, before passage of the Civil Rights Act, opinion polls showed a dichotomy similar to this poll from Canada showing public approval for change, but public disapproval for the civil disobedience. Over 7-in-10 Americans back then agreed that Dr. Martin Luther King “is moving at the right speed… in working for equal rights for negroes,” and said that they would take part in “a peaceful parade, march or picketing here in this (town) (area) in favor of equal rights for negroes.” But when those same Americans were asked “Do you approve or disapprove of what the ‘Freedom Riders’ are doing?” and “Do you think ‘sit-ins’ at lunch counters, ‘freedom buses,’ and other demonstrations by Negroes will hurt or help the Negro’s chances of being integrated in the South?” and “Do you think mass demonstrations by negroes are more likely to help or more likely to hurt the negro’s cause for racial equality?” – about 6-in-10 American in the early 1960s disapproved of the civil disobedience. LBJ would not have powered the Civil Rights Act through Congress without the constant irritation MLK provided through marches and demonstrations and strikes. Justin Trudeau and Parliament aren’t going to move quickly on cannabis legalization without a similar constant irritation provided by the growers, sellers, and buyers of cannabis who refuse to wait until the convenient time to recognize our rights. Arrests won’t stop this. The US arrested Marc, and in doing so, they shaped Jodie into a powerhouse activist. Now, Canada is arresting them both, and in doing so, they’re forging more activists. We’re like hydra; cut one of our heads and two will grow back. weednews
  12. Medical Marijuana Update

    Medical Marijuana Update by psmith, March 08, 2017 A package of implementation bills is moving in Arkansas, Florida Republicans use an implementation bill to try to impose restrictions on the voter-approved medical marijuana law, and more. Arkansas Last Thursday, a package of "fix" bills were moving. The Senate sent two medical marijuana bills to the governor's desk, while the House passed three more bills and sent them to the Senate. Winning final legislative approval were House Bill 1556, which bars the use of teleconferencing to certify a patient for medical marijuana, and House Bill 1402, which would allow the state to reschedule marijuana if the federal government does it first. Meanwhile, the Senate will now take up House Bill 1580, which imposes a 4% sales tax on cultivation facilities and a 4% sales tax on dispensary sales; House Bill 1436, which sets an expiration date for dispensary licenses, and House Bill 1584, which would led regulators issue temporary dispensary or cultivation licenses when the original owner ceases to be in control of the business. On Monday, the Senate killed a bill to ban smoking medical marijuana. The Senate voted 15-10 to reject Senate Bill 357, which would have banned smoking medical marijuana. Bill sponsor Sen. Jason Rapert (R-Conway) argued smoking is a public health hazard and that smoking marijuana is a recreational use, not a medicinal one, but his colleagues were not buying his argument. Florida On Monday, GOP leaders filed an implementation bill that would ban smoking and edibles. Florida voters overwhelmingly approved a medical marijuana initiative in November, but now Rep. Ray Rodrigues (R-Fort Myers) has filed a medical marijuana regulation bill that would ban people from smoking it or using it in edible form. The measure, House Bill 1397, is not yet available on the legislative website. Rodrigues is a member of the Republican House leadership, and the bill represents the Republican approach to expanding medical marijuana access in the state. "It goes further than the current statute in terms of restricting medical marijuana," says Ben Pollara, the medical marijuana initiative's campaign director "There was unanimous agreement that the new amendment would expand use." Mississippi Last Thursday, a bill to let pharmacies dispense CBD cannabis oil went to the governor's desk. The House Thursday approved Senate Bill 2610, which would amend the state's existing CBD cannabis oil law to allow pharmacies to join the University of Mississippi Medical Center in dispensing the medicine. The bill has already passed the Senate and now heads to the desk of Gov. Phil Bryant (R). Utah On Wednesday, lawmakers passed a medical marijuana study bill, but advocates call it a Trojan horse. The House voted to concur with earlier Senate amendments to House Bill 130 and sent it to the desk of Gov. Gary Herbert (R). The bill allows state universities to study cannabinoid products for their medicinal potential, but doesn't allow for any actual use. Medical marijuana advocates called the bill "a Trojan horse," saying it is merely a delaying tactic. West Virginia On Monday, a medical marijuana bill was filed. Sen. Patricia Rucker (R-Jefferson) and 11 cosponsors have filed Senate Bill 386 and companion legislation in the House that would allow for the medical use of marijuana by patients with one of a list of qualifying disorders. Wisconsin On Tuesday, the legislature passed a CBD cannabis oil bill. The Assembly voted to approve Senate Bill 10, which would allow for the use of CBD cannabis oil by children suffering seizures. The bill now goes to the desk of Gov. Scott Walker (R), who is expected to sign it. [For extensive information about the medical marijuana debate, presented in a neutral format, visit MedicalMarijuana.ProCon.org.] stopthedrugwar
  13. The Cannabis Culture Raids: Here’s What We Know at Day’s End Richard Sharp March 9, 2017 The dust is settling after police raids on Marc and Jodie Emery’s dispensaries across Canada today in Toronto, Vancouver and Hamilton. The operation, dubbed “Project Gator” by the Toronto police, resulted in the arrest of five people and the execution of 11 search warrants in the three cities. According to lawyer Kirk Tousaw, those arrested included Marc Emery, Jodie Emery, Erin Goodwin, Chris Goodwin, and Britney Anne Guerra. Project Gator: 11 warrants, three cities, five arrests. All related to Cannabis Culture. The Emerys, who were arrested last night as they were boarding a flight to Barcelona for Spain’s annual Spannabis conference, appeared briefly this morning in Toronto’s Old City Hall Courthouse. Amid boisterous support from activists, Jodie flashed a peace sign and blew a kiss to Marc mouthing “I love you.” Marc and Jody Emery are expected to have their bail hearing on Friday morning. Meanwhile, seven Cannabis Culture locations across Canada were being raided (five in Toronto, one in Hamilton and one in Vancouver). Jodie and Marc Emery were charged with conspiracy to commit an indictable offense; trafficking; possession; and possession of proceeds of a crime. Rex Mekkem, a logistics manager at Cannabis Culture Hamilton, said authorities had seized employees’ mobile phones. “Metro Toronto is raiding the Hamilton store. They’ve took every one of staff’s phones,” Mekkem said in a Facebook video, apparently shot using a borrowed device. “They’re just taking everybody’s names and everybody’s phones and kicking us loose, because it has to do with Toronto, they said.” Meanwhile, the Toronto Police Service reiterated their stand that dispensaries are not legal even if national legalization were to come in the next few months. Speaking to local media, Toronto Police Services Communications spokesperson Mark Pugash insisted that the agency is merely enforcing the law. Pugash said that there are health risks to cannabis sold in dispensaries, due to the lack of proper quality control and the potential presence of insecticides and mold. Pugash also pointed to a recent spate of dispensary robberies, some at gunpoint, and indicated that the police believe there are a number of “outlaw enterprises” operating in the industry. It was unclear whether Pugash meant the police considered the Emerys an “outlaw enterprise,” or whether the mere operation of a dispensary was considered as such. Toronto’s municipal licensing and standards office told the Toronto Star that the city had also filed an injunction in Superior Court related to seven locations of a different company, Canna Clinic. “It’s just a big waste of taxpayer dollars.” –Tania Cyalume, Toronto activist “The City of Toronto has consistently pursued enforcement actions against marijuana stores in the city. These operations are illegal under federal law and also operate in contravention of the City’s zoning by-laws,” said a statement from licensing head Tracey Cook. “The new court application commenced by the city with respect to a chain of marijuana stores operating in multiple locations across the city continues the city’s efforts to enforce its existing bylaws.” In Ottawa, Health Minister Jane Philpott was asked about the raids this afternoon. She would only confirm that the Liberal Government remains on track to deliver its expected cannabis legalization proposal by June 21, 2017. Reaction from the activist community was swift. “It’s just a big waste of taxpayer dollars,” said local Toronto activist Tania Cyalume. “The timing of these raids fits Trudeau and the Liberal party’s agenda to only allow the LP model. While it doesn’t look good for the future of dispensaries, I have no doubt they will reopen.” Canada’s cannabist activists were abuzz on social media, with Vancouver-based lawyer Kirk Tousaw providing regular updates. Much of the commentary focused on the perception that closing storefront dispensaries like Cannabis Culture would play into the hands of underground black-market drug dealers. Some noted those dealers are brazenly pedaling much more dangerous substances, including the opioid fentanyl. leafly
  14. Colorado Senate Passes First-in-Nation Cannabis Clubs Bill The Associated Press March 9, 2017 Colorado has a few dozen cannabis clubs, but they have no permits and sometimes operate underground. Colorado's Senate passed a first-in-the-nation bill expressly permitting marijuana clubs on Thursday. Gov. John Hickenlooper has hinted that he'll veto the measure unless it bans indoor smoking. (Brennan Linsley/AP) DENVER — The Colorado Senate on Thursday passed a first-in-the-nation bill expressly permitting marijuana clubs. But Gov. John Hickenlooper is hinting that he’ll veto the measure unless it bans indoor smoking. The bill allows local jurisdictions to permit bring-your-own cannabis clubs, as long as those establishments don’t serve alcohol or any food beyond light snacks. The bill doesn’t say whether those clubs could allow people to smoke indoors. That means it would be possible for a membership club that is closed to the public and has no more than three employees to permit indoor cannabis smoking. Sponsors say the bill is necessary because Colorado already has a network of underground, unregulated clubs, and towns aren’t sure how to treat them. Cannabis clubs could help alleviate complaints that Colorado’s sidewalks and public parks have been inundated with marijuana smoke since the state legalized recreational cannabis in 2012. “We have a lot of problems throughout this state of people publicly using marijuana,” said Sen. Bob Gardner, a Colorado Springs Republican and sponsor of the club bill. The measure sets up a showdown with the Democratic governor, who has told reporters that clubs could invite federal intervention in Colorado’s cannabis market. “I do think given the uncertainty in Washington that this is not the year to be out there carving off new turf and expand markets and make dramatic statements about marijuana,” Hickenlooper told reporters Wednesday. Further, the governor seemed to chafe at the fact that the club bill doesn’t expressly ban indoor smoking. A separate cannabis-club measure going into effect in Denver limits smoking marijuana to special patios, meaning people could eat or vaporize pot indoors but not burn it. “Smoking is bad for you,” Hickenlooper said. “I’m not sure that’s a great thing to be encouraging.” Lawmakers who support clubs disagree that the bill encourages indoor smoking. “These marijuana membership clubs are so private that’s they’re more akin to being in your living room than to being in a restaurant,” Gardner said. Ten Republicans voted against the cannabis club bill. Some of them said they fear it’ll be impossible to stop people from sharing or selling cannabis inside the clubs, even though marijuana sales in clubs are banned under the bill. “How are we supposed to stop that?” asked Sen. John Cooke, R-Greeley. The bill passed on a 25-10 vote and now heads to the House, where its prospects are strong. One possible sticking point is that the bill bars food service in the clubs but allows them to sell light snacks that aren’t defined. State liquor regulations already bar the sale of alcohol and marijuana at the same place, so the clubs would look more like Amsterdam coffeeshops than cannabis bars. “I’m sure you can drink coffee and smoke marijuana, you just can’t drink whiskey and smoke marijuana,” Gardner said. leafly