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davidmalmolevine last won the day on February 4

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About davidmalmolevine

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    Potshot Magazine, hackysack, hitch-hikin'
  1. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    As for your "research team" - you need to qualify that as "Heartland Institute Research Team": According to leaked documents, D'Aleo is one of a number of climate change skeptics who receives funding from the Heartland Institute, an organization at the forefront of climate change skepticism in the U.S. https://www.desmogblog.com/joseph-d-aleo Hard to hear them speak clearly with all the Koch in their mouths: The Koch brothers -- David and Charles -- are the right-wing billionaire co-owners of Koch Industries. As two of the richest people in the world, they are key funders of the right-wing infrastructure, including the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and the State Policy Network (SPN). In SourceWatch, key articles on the Kochs include: Koch Brothers, Koch Industries, Americans for Prosperity, American Encore, and Freedom Partners. The Heartland Institute is connected to the Koch brothers and their network of right-wing donors. In the past, the Institute has accepted $40,000 from the Claude R. Lambe Foundation and $62,578 from the Charles G. Koch Foundation. Both organizations are members of the Koch Family Foundations.[3] http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Heartland_Institute Charles Koch took over his father's Rock Island Oil and Refinery Company, becoming president and chairman in 1967 and renaming it Koch Industries [7] Since then, the company's revenues grew from just over $100 million to over $115 billion in 2014. The Koch brothers' fortunes have also grown dramatically in that time, increasing from $375 million each in 1984 to some $17 billion each in 2008--and a staggering $41 billion each in 2014, just a few years after the 2008 economic crisis. In addition to successful investments and expansion of its resource extraction operations over the years, Koch Industries has engaged in commodity speculation and created new types of derivatives.[12] The Nation has reported that Koch Industries was "among the largest traders (including Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley) speculating on the price of oil in the summer of 2008,"[13] afterwards also playing a prominent role in lobbying against regulation of the derivatives market, according to Bloomberg Businessweek.[14] Koch Industries has been involved in many investigations and indictments related to the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act. A list of lawsuits involving Koch Industries can be accessed here: Legal Complaints Against Koch Industries http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Koch_Brothers In 1994 an ammonia leak at a pipeline-to-barge fertilizer facility near St. Louis owned by a Koch subsidiary killed one worker and sent another to the hospital (Journal of Commerce, February 23, 1994). The Coast Guard ordered the operation to be shut down for several weeks while conditions were examined. In 1995 the U.S Justice Department, the Environmental Protection Agency and the United Stated Coast Guard filed a civil suit against Koch Industries and several of its affiliates for unlawfully discharging millions of gallons of oil into the waters of six states. In one of the largest Clean Water Act cased ever brought up to that time, the agencies accused Koch of being responsible for more than 300 separate spills in Alabama, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma and Texas. The largest incident occurred in Nueces Bay and Corpus Christi Bay in 1994 along the eastern coast of Texas. In 1997 Tosco Corporation (now part of ConocoPhillips) sued Koch in a dispute over costs related to the clean-up of toxic waste at an oil refinery in Duncan, Oklahoma that used to be owned and operated by Koch. In 1998 a federal judge ordered Koch to contribute to those costs, and that ruling was upheld by an appeals court in 2000. The companies later settled the matter out of court. In 1998 Koch agreed to pay $6.9 million to settle charges brought by state environmental regulators relating to large oil spills at the company’s Rosemount refinery in Minnesota. The following year it agreed to plead guilty to related federal criminal charges and pay $8 million in fines. Also in 1998, the National Transportation Safety Board found that the failure of a Koch subsidiary to protect a liquid butane pipeline from corrosion was responsible for a 1996 rupture that released a butane vapor. When a pickup truck drove into the vapor it ignited an explosion that killed the driver and a passenger. In a wrongful death lawsuit a Texas jury awarded the father of one of the victims $296 million in damages. In 2000 the U.S. Justice Department and the EPA announced that Koch Industries would pay what was then a record civil environmental fine of $30 million to settle the 1995 charges relating to more than 300 oil spills plus additional charges filed in 1997. Along with the penalty, Koch agreed to spend $5 million on environmental projects in Texas, Kansas and Oklahoma, the states where most of its spills had occurred. In announcing the settlement, EPA head Carol Browner said that Koch had quit inspecting its pipelines and instead found flaws by waiting for ruptures to happen. Later in 2000, DOJ and the EPA announced that Koch Industries would pay a penalty of $4.5 million in connection with Clean Air Act violations at its refineries in Minnesota and Texas. The company also agreed to spend up to $80 million to install improved pollution-control equipment at the facilities. In a third major environmental case against Koch that year, a federal grand jury in Texas returned a 97-count indictment against the company and four of its employees for violating federal air pollution and hazardous waste laws in connection with benzene emissions at the Koch refinery near Corpus Christi. The Bloomberg Markets article cited above reported that a former Koch employee said she was told to falsify data in a report to the state on the emissions. The company was reportedly facing potential penalties of some $350 million, but in early 2001 the newly installed Bush Administration’s Justice Department negotiated a settlement in which many of the charges were dropped and the company pled guilty to concealing violations of air quality laws and paid just $10 million in criminal fines and $10 million for environmental projects in the Corpus Christi area. In 2010 the EPA stripped Texas of its jurisdiction over the air-quality permits held by the Corpus Christi refinery. In 2002 Koch Petroleum Group, the Koch Industries entity involved in most of these environment problems, was renamed Flint Hills Resources. With the purchase of Georgia-Pacific, Koch acquired a company with its own environmental and safety problems, some of which remained unresolved. For example, in 1984 a G-P plant in Columbus, Ohio had spilled 2,000 pounds of phenol and formaldehyde that reached a nearby community. Residents complained of health problems from that incident and from a huge industrial waste pond that the company continued to maintain at the plant. In 2006 the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration cited Georgia-Pacific for safety violations linked to the death of a worker in an accident at a Georgia paper mill and proposed a fine of $63,000. In 2009 the U.S. Justice Department and the EPA announced that G-P would spend $13 million to perform clean-up activities at a Michigan Superfund site where it previously had a paper mill. In 2010 G-P was one of ten companies sued by the Justice Department over PCB contamination of the Fox River in Wisconsin. Unlike the other defendants, G-P had already settled with DOJ by agreeing to a $7 million penalty and to pay for the costs of a portion of the clean-up. One of the other defendants, Appleton Papers, called the settlement a “sweetheart deal.” In 2009 Invista agreed to pay a $1.7 million civil penalty after disclosing more than 680 violations of various environmental regulations at its plants in seven states that it said dated back to when those facilities were operated by DuPont. More recently, Koch Industries has been caught up in the controversy over the Keystone XL pipeline. In 2011 Inside Climate News reported that Koch already responsible for 25 percent of the tar sands oil being imported from Canada into the United States and stood to benefit greatly from the new pipeline. Koch denied its involvement, but Inside Climate News found documents filed with Canada’s Energy Board contradicting that statement. An August 2012 report by the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst identified Koch as being among the top five corporate air polluters in the United States. A November 2012 article in the Texas Observer reported on the high level of illnesses among people living near the Corpus Christi refinery owned by Koch subsidiary Flint Hills Resources. Subsidies The Kochs’ free-market ideology has not prevented their companies from taking economic development subsidies from state and local governments. In 2013 it was reported that Koch Industries was the largest investor in the Big River Steel project in Arkansas that was slated to receive some $139 million in state and local financial assistance. The Good Jobs First Subsidy Tracker lists state, local and federal subsidy awards to the company amounting to more than $196 million. http://www.corp-research.org/koch_industries Yay free markets! Boo regulations! Right?
  2. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    "Sounds like someone will be making a lot of toxic batteries." Sounds like another sanctimonious shill for the oil industry who can't be bothered to make a five second Google search to confirm his bias. There are already eco batteries in the works: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151208150948.htm https://www.valence.com/why-valence/environmentally-friendly/ And hemp ethanol doesn't need batteries.
  3. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    Could be moot - renewables might just outcompete non-renewables, regardless of what people feel about climate destabilization: Wind, solar to be cheapest form of power generation by 2030: Study UPDATED: JUL 07, 2017, 08.18 PM IST Post a Comment NEW DELHI: Wind energy and solar power will be the cheapest form of power generation in every G20 country, including India, by the year 2030, a study today said. With the G20 summit underway in Hamburg today, the study carried out by Greenpeace Germany said in about half of the G20 countries, renewable energy has been cheaper or equal in price to electricity generated from dirty coal or hazardous nuclear power plants since 2015. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/wind-solar-to-be-cheapest-form-of-power-generation-by-2030-study/articleshow/59492895.cms
  4. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    Hydrocarbons contain the two elements carbon and hydrogen (hence the name). Carbohydrates also contain carbon and hydrogen. However they also contain oxygen. So if you can make something from a hydrocarbon you should be able, in theory, to make it from a carbohydrate by just removing the oxygen from it. https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/sci.chem/sG-wGhIdBt8 The reason it's cheaper and easier to use oil instead of hemp is that oil is subsidized with billions of tax payer dollars, and hemp is over-regulated or outright prohibited. If hemp were subsidized and the health and environmental costs were factored into the cost of each product, oil products would be quickly replaced with hemp products. http://www.voteindustrialhemp.com/ http://hemp-ethanol.blogspot.ca/2008/01/economics-history-and-politics-of-hemp.html https://www.medicaljane.com/2015/01/14/the-differences-between-hemp-and-cannabis/ https://books.google.ca/books?id=wGajTK3Ji_EC&pg=PT218&lpg=PT218&dq=anything+that+can+be+made+from+a+hydrocarbon+can+be+made+from+a+carbohydrate&source=bl&ots=0IGmPWtNwV&sig=bbCNAYgQbtbtImctkOEarTeFBFk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi7qo7jyefUAhUJ_WMKHS14CiAQ6AEIPDAD#v=onepage&q=anything that can be made from a hydrocarbon can be made from a carbohydrate&f=false It's funny that you keep posting up oil industry propaganda on a hemp discussion forum for decades. Somebody must be paying you. Keep ignoring news like this - otherwise you might go fucking insane and kill yourself: http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/world-climate-change-save-humanity-experts-global-warming-rising-sea-levels-food-a7813251.html?cmpid=facebook-post
  5. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    "Everything runs on oil. Most everything you and I own is made of oil. The moment you obtained those oil produced items you became an part of the loop David." Oil is heavily subsidized, because it's monopolizable. The moment those subsidies end, so does the rule of the petro-lords. Some of the largest, most profitable companies in Canada are collectively receiving an estimated $3.3 billion in subsidies every year from Canadian taxpayers, according to a new analysis. The report, released today by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, a Canadian-based think tank, outlines how billions in federal and provincial tax breaks and corporate incentives benefit companies in the oil and gas sector like Imperial Oil, whose earnings in 2015 were CDN$1.1 billion. https://www.desmog.ca/2016/08/30/canadian-taxpayers-fork-out-3.3-billion-every-year-super-profitable-oil-companies A 2013 report published by the International Monetary Fund concluded that global fossil fuel subisides amount to $1.9 trillion annually. $1.4 trillion of this is due to externalities, $800 billion due to climate change. This estimate is based on a conservative social cost of carbon of $25 per tonne of CO2 emitted. An arguably more realistic estimate of $100 per tonne of CO2 would bring global fossil fuel subsidies to over $4 trillion per year, with $3.2 trillion due to climate change. In a report published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Epstein et al. (2011) do a full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal, taking these externalities into account. Among the factors included in this analysis were: government coal subsidies increased illness and mortality due to mining pollution climate change from greenhouse gas emissions particulates causing air pollution loss of biodiversity cost to taxpayers of environmental monitoring and cleanup decreased property values infrastructure damages from mudslides resulting from mountaintop removal infrastructure damage from mine blasting impacts of acid rain resulting from coal combustion byproducts water pollution Most of these external factors do not apply to most renewable energy sources. https://skepticalscience.com/renewable-energy-is-too-expensive.htm The only question remains ... are you some country bumpkin fuck nut who is too dense to understand the above ... or are you some oil industry shill, who has betrayed the human race for thirty pieces of silver? Either way, you might take this opportunity to re-think your life choices.
  6. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    For almost 70 years the U.S. government has subsidized the fossil fuel industry; a very conservative estimate is more than $700 billion over that time period. Not surprisingly, given this massive “corporate welfare,” our entire infrastructure is currently based on use of these fuels and remains addicted to them for its continuing efficacy. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/trumps-energy-and-climate-policy-denial-and-delusion_us_59037ec5e4b084f59b49f8a6
  7. George H.W. Bush: Biggest. Drug Lord. Ever. By David Malmo-Levine on May 16, 2017 Dear Reader, Do you ever get tired of hearing white journalists blame dark skinned people for the illegal drug problem? Do you suspect white people are also to blame for illegal drugs coming into North America? Do you hear rumors of CIA involvement in drug smuggling, but don’t feel like diving into a 2000 hour research project? Well then, you’re in luck. David Malmo-Levine has put all the evidence of CIA drug smuggling into one easy-to-follow format. The best evidence that the CIA is the biggest drug smuggling organization in the world is now conveniently located in one place. Over the course of the next several months, Malmo-Levine will be publishing the secret history of hard drugs at cannabisculture.com, so that the public will come to realize how the drug war was created by and for the elite section of the intelligence community, to help finance assassinations, military coups, secret armies and to pad their own pockets. Part 1: Born a spook “A drug lord, drug baron, kingpin, or narcotrafficker is a person who controls a sizable network of persons involved in the illegal drug trade. Such figures are often difficult to bring to justice, as they are never directly in possession of something illegal, but are insulated from the actual trade in drugs by several layers of underlings. The prosecution of drug lords is therefore usually the result of carefully planned infiltrations of their networks, often using informants from within the organization.” – “Drug Lord”, Wikipedia “World-class drug trafficker. Sinister spymaster with tentacles spanning the planet. President – the most corrupt president in United States history. George Herbert Walker Bush.” – Bill Weinberg, George Bush: The Super-Spy Drug-Smuggling President, 1992 (1) “Under the CIA program code-named ZRRIFLE, foreign heads of state who stood in the way of American control of the drug traffic were targeted for assassination; this program is essential to understanding the origins of the plot against President Kennedy.” – Rogue Elephant: The Drug Trade, the Kennedy Assassination, and the War in Vietnam, Kent Heiner, 2001, (2) “We both thought Bush might prove the worst president in American History and the all-around worst man of the 20th Century, even considering such competition as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, 1995 (3) Part 1: Chapter 1: A few quick questions Is it really the 41st President of the United States George Bush Sr. – not Lucky Luciano or Sam Giancana or Pablo Escobar or Joaquin Guzman Loera – who can accurately be called the biggest (and most dangerous) drug criminal who has ever lived? Is it really the Central Intelligence Agency – and not the Mafia or the Medellin Cartel or Sinaloa Cartel – that is the biggest drug-smuggling organization? Is there any credible evidence that this is so? Is Bush Sr. – along with his sons – really guilty of drug smuggling, gun-running, murder, and treason? Was JFK’s assassination tied to CIA drug trafficking? Was Bush Sr. the second-highest ranking member of the CIA to be in Dealey Plaza at the time of JFK’s assassination? How important is illegal drug trafficking to US – and world – politics? How many US Presidents – or foreign heads of state – can connect their rise – or fall – to profits from illegal drugs? Is raising awareness about the role drug money has to play in funding the “Shadow Government” the key to a more rational drug policy for both hard and soft drugs? Will knowledge of our ruler’s role in the illegal drug economy help us replace hierarchy with a more effective form of democracy? Is drug peace the most direct path to a sustainable society? Is there enough evidence of these crimes being tied to Bush Sr. that he could be made to stand trial? And if there was enough evidence, would any lawyer be brave enough to take him to court? Would any judge be brave enough to find him guilty? “What I wish to point out … is how deep-seated the fear of passing judgment, of naming names, and of fixing blame – especially, alas, upon people in power and high position, dead or alive …” – Hannah Arendt, “Personal Responsibility Under Dictatorship”, 1964 (4) http://www.cannabisculture.com/content/2017/05/16/george-h-w-bush-biggest-drug-lord-ever
  8. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    Greenland's Coastal Ice Passed a Climate Tipping Point 20 Years Ago, Study Says Faster-than-expected melting of Greenland's ice fields is worrisome news for the fate of the larger ice sheet, and subsequent sea level rise. BY BOB BERWYN, INSIDECLIMATE NEWS MAR 31, 2017 Credit: Uriel Sinai/Getty Images Ice caps and glaciers along the coast of Greenland passed a tipping point in 1997, when a layer of snow that once absorbed summer meltwater became fully saturated. Since then, the coastal ice fields—separate from the main Greenland Ice Sheet—have been melting three times faster than they had been, according to a new study published Friday in the journal Nature Communications. https://insideclimatenews.org/news/31032017/-climate-change-science-greenland-global-warming-ice-melt MARCH 31 2017 SAVE PRINT LICENSE ARTICLE 'Completely unlivable': Climate change pushing humans, other species to the brink Peter Hannam CONTACT VIA EMAIL FOLLOW ON FACEBOOK FOLLOW ON GOOGLE PLUS FOLLOW ON TWITTER Human societies and a multitude of species are going to be tested by climate change in ways that are barely understood, a wide-ranging study involving researchers from 44 institutions around the world has found. Species in every ecosystem are being affected by rising temperatures and shifting rainfall patterns, with marine animals moving poleward at the average pace of 72 kilometres and land-based ones 17 kilometres a decade, according to the paper published on Friday in the journal Science. SHARE SHARE ON FACEBOOKSHARE SHARE ON TWITTERTWEET LINK Malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases are spreading as temperatures warm. Photo: AP "Movement of mosquitoes in response to global warming is a threat to health in many countries through predicted increases in the number of known, and potentially new, diseases," the paper found, noting malaria is already a risk for about half of humanity, with more than 200 million cases recorded in 2014 alone. Food security is also at risk from the spread of plant pathogens and other pests. RELATED CONTENT Trump's anti-climate plans won't fool nature The $6b-a-year asset that is dying on our watch "This is going to impact on a lot more than you think," said Stephen Williams, a rainforest ecologist and one of the paper's authors. While some species can adapt by moving either to higher ground or cooler waters, not all can. Human populations, too, are limited in how they can move, depending on how tightly national boundaries are enforced. "[T]he relative immobility of many human societies, largely imposed by jurisdictional borders, has limited capacity to respond to environmental change by migration," the paper said. While Australia is known for its fluctuating weather, particularly rainfall, more extreme conditions will challenge many human and animal communities alike. "We're going way outside the boundaries of our natural variability ... more than we appreciate," Professor Williams said. SHARE SHARE ON FACEBOOKSHARE SHARE ON TWITTERTWEET LINK Four hours above 29 degrees and a lemuroid ringtail possum will likely perish. Photo: Wet Tropics Management Authority. He cited lemuroid ringtail possums that inhabit the wet tropics rainforests and will die if exposed to just four hours of 29-degree temperatures. Heatwaves, if they coincide with dry conditions with little mist or cloud, "can literally crash a population in a number of days", Professor Williams said. "Suddenly it becomes completely unlivable." SHARE SHARE ON FACEBOOKSHARE SHARE ON TWITTERTWEET LINK The UN is seeking $US4.4 billion by the end of March to prevent catastrophic hunger and famine in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. Photo: WFP/AP The shifting of the range of creatures poses challenges for conservation efforts not least because endangered species may exit areas set aside for their protection as they seek more hospitable habitat. "Under climate change, everything is very dynamic and moving," Professor Williams said. SHARE SHARE ON FACEBOOKSHARE SHARE ON TWITTERTWEET LINK The biologically rich giant kelp forests off eastern Tasmania are under threat from warm-water predators. Photo: Craig Sanderson In some cases, a threatened species will enter a region where it wasn't previously found, becoming "an invading species where by law it must be exterminated", he said. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions "removes the root cause" of the problem. In the case of tropical rainforests, the number of species expected to disappear will drop from about 60 per cent by the end of the century under business-as-usual emissions to as few as 5 per cent. "It will make a really big difference," he said. On-going monitoring is needed to track how species are moving, including across state or national boundaries. The collected evidence is limited and, in some cases, being interrupted by funding cuts. "[L]ong-term datasets for biological systems are rare, and recent trends of declining funding undermine the viability of monitoring programs required to document and respond to climate change," the paper found. Researchers in a range of Australian programs are awaiting news of their fate, with the federal government due to announce within weeks the next round of funding for the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS). A Senate inquiry into oceans and climate change heard this month from scientists concerned programs such as the monitoring of the East Australian Current might be at risk. "We have had this 70-year history of recording temperature and salinity off Sydney, and some smaller arrays off Narooma, on the South Coast [of NSW], Iain Suthers, an oceanographer at the University of NSW told the inquiry. "If that funding were to cease, we would be left absolutely blind as to the strength and changes of that East Australian Current." http://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/completely-unlivable-climate-change-pushing-humans-other-species-to-the-brink-20170330-gv9v7g.html
  9. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    http://www.rappler.com/science-nature/environment/157395-no-pause-global-warming-study http://climatenexus.org/messaging-communication/basics/debunking-top-10-climate-change-myths https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/no-pause-in-ocean-warming/ https://insideclimatenews.org/news/04012017/climate-change-denial-oceans-warming-lamar-smith
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  14. Global Warming is not due to human contribution of

    http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/12/investing/exxon-loses-climate-change-ruling/index.html ExxonMobil has lost a key battle in an investigation into whether the oil giant misled the public about the dangers of climate change. A Massachusetts judge ordered Exxon (XOM) on Wednesday to hand over more than four decades of the company's climate change research. The court rejected Exxon's emergency motion to kill the demand from Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey, who is investigating allegations the company ignored internal scientific research going back to the 1970s. The ruling came on the same day that longtime Exxon boss Rex Tillerson was being grilled by Congress about the company's climate change tactics at his secretary of state hearing. Tillerson, who stepped down last month as CEO after a decade in charge, repeatedly ducked questions about the issue from U.S. Senators. Asked if he lacks the knowledge to respond or is simply refusing to answer, Tillerson said, "A little of both." Last April, Massachusetts demanded Exxon turn over documents going back to 1976 related to the company's study of carbon emissions and the effects of those emissions on the climate. This week Suffolk County Superior Court Judge Heidi Brieger upheld the attorney general's demand. "Exxon must now end its obstructive tactics and come clean about whether it misled Massachusetts consumers and investors about what it knew about climate change, its causes and effects," the Massachusetts attorney general's office said in a statement. However, Exxon didn't immediately signal whether it's going to comply with the order. "We are reviewing the ruling to determine next steps," Exxon said in a statement. Related: Tillerson ducks Exxon climate change allegations Exxon is still awaiting a ruling in Texas, where the company has filed a complaint arguing that the Massachusetts demand for documents violates its federal constitutional rights. In Wednesday's ruling, the Massachusetts court declined to put the proceeding on hold until the Texas court rules. Exxon tried to kill the demand for documents by arguing the investigation is politically motivated. The company cited a March speech from Healey where she said, "We can all see today the troubling disconnect between what Exxon knew, what industry folks knew, and what the company and industry chose to share." But the Massachusetts judge said the remarks are not evidence of "any actionable bias" and that it "seems logical" for the attorney general to inform the public about the basis of the investigation. Climate change activists pounced on the ruling -- quickly linked it to Tillerson. "The prospect of a sitting secretary of state becoming entangled in a lawsuit for his role in misleading the public about climate change is as real as it is alarming," said David Turnbull, campaign director for Oil Change International, an advocacy group focused on exposing the true costs of fossil fuels. Related: Despite paper trail, Tillerson denies Exxon lobbied against sanctions Exxon's climate change history became a flashpoint in Tillerson's confirmation hearing. At one point, Senator Tim Kaine, Hillary Clinton's 2016 running mate, read from a 1982 letter uncovered by Inside Climate News that was written by an Exxon scientist. "Over the past several years a clear scientific consensus has emerged regarding the expected climatic effects of increased atmospheric CO2," Roger Cohen, Exxon's former director of theoretical and mathematical sciences laboratory, wrote in the letter. Cohen wrote that the "consensus is that a doubling of" carbon emissions from pre-industrial revolution levels would cause a rise in temperatures that would "bring about significant changes in the earth's climate." Exxon also faces a climate change investigation from New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman. A New York State court ordered Exxon to comply with two subpoenas last fall. Exxon has denied allegations of funding climate change denial. Exxon said it rejects "long-discredited conspiracy theories that attempt to portray legitimate scientific observations and differences on policy approaches as climate denial." CNNMoney (New York)First published January 12, 2017: 10:53 AM ET