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Showing content with the highest reputation since 12/17/2017 in all areas

  1. 4 points
    I looked into Mars Hydro lights when I started shopping. I went to the local hydro store here that sells them. He informed me that he had stopped carrying Mars as he was an official warranty provider for Mars. He said he had to spent many hours a month just doing warranty repairs for free. It took all his time away from his actual business. He cited times when he had to spend half a day to repair a $99 light under warranty and Mars only reimbursed him pennies for repairs. That steered me away from the cheap light. . I ended up with Advanced Platinum P450 for $539 from Amazon. I later ordered a second P450 and got it for $499. The 5 year warranty and 100,000 hour life was a big selling point to me. YMMV
  2. 3 points
    That is certainly not good to hear....however I the mars 300 goes for about $80. Almost expect it's not top of the line for that price. I'm curious as to yield difference per light. Is it like the difference between a generic hps bulb and an eye hortilux?
  3. 3 points
    I really know very little to nothing on this new stuff. I started these autos 10 days ago. As soon as the tap was long enough to get to the solution, I started. I know I have some nute burn so I mixed a weaker solution and am watching. These girls look really healthy to me as I am 60 and have never done nothing but Gorilla farming. My question is, is this type of curling normal or do I need to cut back some more. They will be 2 weeks old in 3 days. I'm doing the Gen Hydro Flora Series by their chart.
  4. 3 points
    I think you need to give your plants more light for sure...for better growing:)) At all, good luck man in your farming)))
  5. 3 points
    I just bought Mars Hydro reflector 144, so far my plants are great, will see what the light can do
  6. 3 points
    No idea what strain but I'm smoking on some nice purple bud to end the year. What is everyone else smoking today/tonight? Let's see some pics!
  7. 3 points
    High Slimo and welcome to CC! Nice rig you have there. Those COB LEDs on some sort of light mover system? Your ppm seems a little on the high side but not by much as indicas are heavier feeders than the sativa dominants I usually grow. With DWC I'll start the clones around 300ppm and by the time they look like yours will be up around 500. I wouldn't go any higher than the 600 you are at now for a while and if you see the bit of burn getting worse would drain about 25% of your rez and replace with RO water if you use RO. I recommend RO and I use AN pH Perfect nutes so I only change my nutes once per grow right after the stretch. Never having to worry about pH is a big plus to me. It often takes a little while for the plants to get used to their new home but it's the new growth that tells you how well they are taking it and you should be seeing lots of that real quick.
  8. 3 points
    Got my Xmas present from mom last Wednesday. 1/2 oz of Critical Mass CBD sent in a vacuum sealed bag in 1/8ths. Some of that for sure but 10g is going to make cocobudder with. I'm sure I'll be toking some of this OG#18 as well as whatever else I have on hand like Blue Heaven, Northern Mist, Purple Kush etc etc. lol Pot rich, cash poor. Everybody have fun and stay safe tonight!
  9. 3 points
    A friend of ours shops a lot at Wish.com and used some of her bonus points to buy this "spice" grinder. Thought the wife could use it to shred the leaf tobacco we have. Saw the wife struggling away trying it out and took a look. Too flimsy to handle thin leaves much less bits of center stem. We use a pasta maker to shred it and that works great. Wife wants a motor on it and her grain grinder for the chicken feed too. Anyway, I took a look at it and busted a gut laughing. Ain't a spice grinder either it's a g'damned bud grinder and it works great! Has a two level drawer under the grinder wheels with the top one being deeper with a kief screen on the bottom. LOL They sell them for $14 at the site. Need to crumble bud up a bit to get it to work well but work well it does. I never roll joints but got out the RAW papers and twisted one up with a filter and all. Ground up some Blue Heaven and some CBD dried up little bud I got off the plants downstairs after they re-vegged. Lots more of the CBD duff than the BH. Four good hits and I'm nicely buzzed and feel really loose. Beans ontoast for my dinner tonight. It's mine now!
  10. 2 points
    This thread is 10 years old! The only thing happening in this thread seems a lot like advertising for this light...
  11. 2 points
    Groovy! Did you say in earlier post the LED lights are 32 inches above the canopy? For initial growth, 32 inches is reasonable, but as the plants get established and start to put out more leaves, you may want to move the lights closer. I have had very high powered LED COBs putting out +1000 PPFD as close as 18 inches and no issues. Also have had lower power systems as close as 10 inches and no problems. Maybe try moving them a few inches, then leave them for a few days. Regardless, keep up the great work!
  12. 2 points
    Idk hydrogrow710 but methinks you are advertising for mars hydro. I'm down to test one of these units for you tho...been wondering about the 300.
  13. 2 points
  14. 2 points
    So my state is set to pass the law like next week, it could still not happen, but it's looking very much like it's going through. So this summer i'm looking to grow some bud, and save myself some $$$$$$$. I have grown before, just some seeds out of a bag I had. It turned out alright, but nothing amazing and my paranoia killed me the whole time lol. Vermont has a fairly short grow season, so that rules out a lot of strains right off the bat. I'm looking at some Feminized Auto-flowering seeds right now. Specifically Auto Gorilla Glue from short stuff, they seem to meet my needs. Short grow time, good yield, and good THC %. My intention is to grow enough to last me the year, so about 12oz. But maybe other have done some growing in similar conditions and have some other suggestions or tips?
  15. 2 points
  16. 2 points
    Hey, greetings from Latvia! And this is my last growing experience
  17. 2 points
    January is the time to start reading and planning: https://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening
  18. 2 points
    New market data shows continued increase in ACMPR enrollment by Canadians 235,621 active registrations were recorded up to September 30, 2017, with 10,916 approved to grow cannabis for medical purposes. By Lift Staff January 4, 2018 Health Canada has released their newest market data for medical cannabis, showing a continued increase in patient enrollments. 235,621 active registrations were recorded up to September 30, 2017 with the most registrations in Ontario, Alberta and Nova Scotia. For the first time since the program began, the total number of shipments went down slightly in September, with 109,603, down from 111,511 the previous month. It's important to note that 'active registrations' does not refer to how many individuals are registered, as Canadians can have more than one active registration at a time. As of September 2017, 2,643 medical practitioners provided a medical document for Canadians to access medical cannabis. The total number of medical practitioners who have ever provided access is 10,433. The average amount of cannabis authorized per day is slightly up, at 2.5 grams a day from 2.3 in previous months. 11,640 Canadians were authorized to grow their own cannabis for medical purposes as of the end of September 30, 2017. 10,916 of these are personal grows, while another 724 are designated to produce for another Canadian. 2,925 applications for personal cultivation licenses were processed in September. 3,212 were processed in August. Health Canada notes that they continue to make improvements to their data reporting, including the addition of how many medical practitioners have ever provided a medical document. Health Canada also now reports the total number of client shipments per month by province of residence; and the total number of medical practitioners per month that provided a medical document for a client who registered with a licensed producer, among other changes. The full report can be read here https://news.lift.co/new-market-data-shows-continued-increase-in-enrolment-by-canadians
  19. 2 points
    Hi, there! I am not a doctor, but I have been disabled by severe chronic migraines that last literally months at a time. You did not provide information about your pain that clarify whether or not it is a migraine OR a sinus headache (and the latter can be just as bad as a migraine). Is your pain localized behind (NOT between) one or both eyes or at the base of your skull on one side? Are you getting spots in your vision? Does your pain increase dramatically when your heart rate and/or stress increases? These are not the only signs you may experience, but they are some very defining characteristics of migraines and if you have these, then you probably have a migraine. If you are getting headaches in reaction to weed, yes, they probably ARE migraines. Please do me the same courtesy I did you, and read all of this post. Some migraines (the ones most people I meet seem to suffer from) are caused by the blood vessels in your brain contracting so that adequate amounts of oxygen are unable to be properly absorbed. Literally ANYTHING can cause this to happen--even things that have gotten rid of your migraines up till now can suddenly have the reverse effect. There are barometric migraines caused by sudden changes in the weather. There are hormonal migraines (us ladies are particularly sensitive to these, thanks to the menstrual system and the hormonal fluctuations it causes). Different kinds of light can cause migraines for different reasons. Foods can cause migraines. Stress can definitely cause migraines... and recently studies are showing that people who smoke around a quarter a day can get migraines because large amounts of THC actually cause the brain to develop difficulties with absorbing oxygen. Again, I am not a doctor. I am a layperson who has been forced to become an expert on MY migraines, not migraines in general. I can tell you that, if you are consistently getting migraines/headaches after smoking marijuana, you would be a fool to discount it as a cause for your pain. And, you are not alone: Three days ago I started noticing that high THC strains and products are causing me to get migraines. I have gotten one every day AFTER smoking/dabbing. I can't take anything else for my pain, anxiety, PTSD, or depression. I have tried lowering the amount of THC (which means I feel nothing of what I used last), and still, every time--within minutes (& I am almost a professional headache sufferer: these are NOT sinus headaches; I KNOW the difference) I have gotten a severe cluster migraine behind my left eye. I know desperation and do not fault you for using them, but be careful: opiod and opiates are WELL KNOWN causes of migraines and rebound headaches. Furthermore, I lost my children for taking opioids prescribed by my doctors and taken as prescribed. Anyone who faults you for wanting to cure your pain doesn't know what real pain IS (&, no, giving birth without pain meds does NOT compare: I've done that and it wasn't even in the same ballpark)--but, please, especially if you have children and live in Kentucky: BE CAREFUL! I don't want anyone to suffer the way I have for trying to exercise my right to life 💖 good luck!
  20. 2 points
    Mr Blue Skies please tell us why you had to hide away for soooo long :D...i just landed here again after a long hiatus. Was hoping you were still around
  21. 2 points
    hi labrat, what is the name of the grinder? i wouldn't mind picking one up. it looks like fun
  22. 2 points
    This is nice, I just started my grow with LED, this is my first try. Hope the LED will give me better result!
  23. 2 points
    Hi Slimo welcome to CC. Youre doing hydro so I see no problem posting here bud. I am an organic dirt grower so know little about hydro or DWC other than the advised nutrient amounts in the instructions are always to high. Do you have a PPM meter? LabRat is the expert for this type of growing I expect he will be able to give you some good advice shortly. What is your humidity levels in the room like if its lo then you may need to cut back on the nutes as they will drink more. They look like they have the twisty low humidity dry look to the leaves but I have never seen a plant with leaves like that what is the strain?
  24. 2 points
    I am sorry for posting in the wrong forum. I thought I was still in other forum.
  25. 2 points
    I suspect that Maricann agreement will use the European Union Free Trade Agreement that has been approved and is now active. Recently Aurora was approved to ship a huge load of Cannabis to Germany to be sold in their drug stores.
  26. 2 points
  27. 2 points
    I will be smoking some AK47 on breaks at the gig. My new band got booked into the largest, busiest club on my side of town. Gonna be massive! Bass man has about 30 biker friends coming on top of the usual crowd of the club. Have some party favors packaged for people at the gig also. Already have request for 3 but will prob take about 6 or 8. Turns a $200 gig into a $500+ gig.
  28. 2 points
    So much for my Zinc deficiency theory. No real change to the CBD girls so decided it's probably the peat based soilless mix has used up all the dolomite it came with so pulverized 12g of dolomitic lime and mixed that into 3L of water and gave all 3 a L each and another liter of RO to wash it in. Only a couple days so far and no real difference. The Otto#1 looks like it's going hermie so may have to chop it out. It's not budding up hardly at all so will try it's clones in a DWC tub and hope it's stress related with the mom and the clones won't hermie but not going to bet on it. The other two CBD girls are starting to bud up nice but not as well as other strains do. I tried rubbing a couple of small buds to check how they smell and they sure are different. One is very sweet and fruity smelling while the other is fruity but more of a musky odor to it. Looking forward to trying out the mature buds in 6 weeks or so. None of the 9 cuts from the big sativa or the OG18 took. Most of the ones from the CBD girls seem to have rooted but still not showing roots out the bottom of the pots. I re-potted the big girls in 15L/3.3gal pots and will get healthier cuts from the top of the plants as they are 40" tall now. Give the cuts time to root then flower the moms. Group shot. The biggest two BBs are 15" tall now and the one runt Skunk plant is only 7". BBs on the left then Skunks with the AKs on the right. The front big girl is the sativa with the OG in the back. The BBs are the nicest and most robust of the bunch. The Skunks sure show their sativa side with those spider-like leaves. The AKs sure look different for expensive female seeds. Nobody sells nice stable seeds anymore but want lots of money for beans. No problem keeping the CO2 levels up in there. Just sitting in the room for an hour re-potting and fussing with the plants got it up to 1500ppm just from my breathing the same air. half hour with the alcohol lamp twice a day keeps it way over ambient so doesn't have to burn long. Window is closed and heat vent blocked off so it's like a sealed grow room in there now. Installing the tent in there and proper exhaust fan this week I hope.
  29. 2 points
    Happy New Year to you too and every one else. Not sure what I will be smoking tonight as well as my CD1, going to a friends place, he has lots of people who grow and smoke there, so there will probably be all kinds of different stuff being passed around.
  30. 2 points
    The cops and politicians joining Canada's cannabis business By Jessica Murphy BBC, Toronto 29 December 2017 Image copyright Reuters Image caption Former police chief Julian Fantino has been criticised for entering into the cannabis business As Canada moves towards legalising recreational cannabis, there's a surprising group of entrepreneurs jumping into the market: cops and politicians. In 2015, former Toronto police chief Julian Fantino was "completely opposed" to marijuana legalisation and supported mandatory jail time for minor cannabis offences. Mr Fantino, who was also a Cabinet minister in the former Conservative government, criticised the now governing-Liberals' plan to legalise the drug, saying it would make smoking marijuana "a normal, everyday activity for Canadians". In November, along with former RCMP deputy commissioner Raf Souccar, he opened Aleafia, a "health network" that helps patients access medical cannabis. He also had a change of heart on legalisation, telling the Toronto Star newspaper he now supports it as long as it keeps pot away from children and criminals. In an interview with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, he said his 2015 comments were made "in a different era". Mr Fantino said his turning point on medical marijuana came when he was minister of veterans affairs and met ex-soldiers who relied on it. Marijuana activists who have fought against prohibition for decades - and sometimes faced subsequent criminal charges for their activities - were angry over Mr Fantino's reversal on pot. Canada's plan to legalise recreational pot Canadian panel recommends legal cannabis Prominent cannabis advocate Dana Larsen called Mr Fantino's decision to enter the market "shameful" and "unacceptable". Media caption Meet the former police chief helping to legalise marijuana in Canada "I would not buy from those people," he says, adding he would tell other marijuana users to do the same. There is also concern the pot counterculture that flourished for decades will be elbowed out of a likely multi-billion dollar industry by a new corporate sector. Mr Fantino is arguably among the more controversial entrepreneurs to join the "green rush". But a number of high-profile former police officers and politicians have jumped into the industry in recent years, including Mr Fantino's Aleafia colleague and fellow ex-MP Gary Goodyear, former Ontario premier Ernie Eves and former deputy Toronto police chief Kim Derry. Medical cannabis has been legal in Canada since 2001. Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Canada was an early adopter of medical marijuana The industry got a boost in 2013 when federal government regulations shifted to allow licensed commercial producers to grow, package and distribute medicinal cannabis to patients. Registered patients have also skyrocketed from 24,000 in June 2015 to more than 200,000 in June 2017. Many of companies supplying that market have plans to expand into the recreational product when the product is legal next summer. In December, the federal statistics agency estimated Canadians consumed an estimated C$5bn ($3.8bn; £2.9bn) to C$6.2bn worth of marijuana in 2015. Canadians spend about C$7bn a year on wine. The government is pitching the legislation winding its way through Parliament as a way to keep pot out of the hands of minors and to undercut organised crime. Derek Ogden spent more than 25 years with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, including as head of the force's drug squad. He understands the frustration of activist watching the people they battled for decades now entering the industry. Image copyright Courtesy Emblem Image caption Employees inspect plants at the Emblem production facility in Paris, Ontario "There's absolutely no way Canada would be in this position right now as far as taking steps to legalise had it not been for the work that the activists did," he says. But Mr Ogden, who now runs National Access Cannabis, a consultancy that helps patients access medical marijuana, says it's no surprise that ex-cops are in demand. Licensed producers are hungry for people with security experience who can get clearances and who understand Canadian drug laws. "One of the ideal groups of candidates to slide into those positions were former law enforcement personnel," he says. Media caption The future of cannabis retail: Seedy head shops could soon be a thing of the past Mr Ogden himself got into the business around 2014, when Canadian and American producers hired him to consult on security protocols. His nascent consulting company was "overwhelmed" by the demand. Mr Ogden no longer believes that people who use medicinal cannabis are simply doing so "to avoid the legal implications" of using the drug recreationally. He had an "aha moment" after meeting a respected physician who relied on cannabis during a bout with cancer. Mr Ogden now uses it himself for a chronic health issue. He concedes changing his mind on its recreational use was "a tougher one". Former British Columbia municipal politician Barinder Rasode "grew up thinking [pot] was a gateway drug that ruined people's lives". Now she's president of the new National Institute for Cannabis Health and Education, which researches cannabis production and its use in Canada. Marijuana activists have done "an amazing job" at highlighting problems with prohibition but with legalisation on the horizon, "having many voices at the table is really, really important", she says. "I don't think the fact that somebody at some point had a different opinion about cannabis should exclude them," she adds. "I actually think their voices are extremely valuable." Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in Canada. Almost 60% of drug offences in the country in 2016 were cannabis-related. Mr Larsen says he doesn't "want to put narcs in jail". But he believes police and politicians who supported prohibition and are now entering the cannabis business should admit they were wrong. "I want people who were victimised by cannabis prohibition - who went to jail, who had their families torn apart, who lost their children, who couldn't access medical cannabis - I want their voices to be heard," he said. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-42285743
  31. 2 points
    The Top Cannabis Studies of 2017 Part 1, The Top CBD Cannabis Studies of 2017 Josh Kaplan December 28, 2017 The Top CBD Cannabis Studies of 2017 The past year was important for proponents of medical cannabis. Those seeking to remove cannabis’ Schedule I status are now armed with even more evidence for its medicinal and wellness benefits from a combination of human and rodent studies. From benefits in epilepsy, autism, and beyond, here are some of 2017’s biggest medical cannabis news stories. This installment covers insights relating to CBD, but tune in to the second part of this series for more discoveries uncovered in 2017. Cannabidiol (CBD) passes stage 3 clinical trial for treatment of epilepsy in children. Source: New England Journal of Medicine, May 2017 This one was big. One of the greatest limitations in the medicinal cannabis field is the lack of randomized double-blinded studies, the standard in clinical research. This limitation is often the basis of the opposition’s argument that there’s no strong evidence to support clinical cannabis use. But that argument was undermined by the successful trial of CBD treatment in children with epilepsy. CBD reduced the median number of seizures each month by 39% compared to 13% for placebo-treated patients. Scientists studied the effect of CBD (Epidolex developed by GW Pharmaceuticals) on epileptic seizures in patients with Dravet syndrome. Dravet syndrome is a severe epileptic childhood disorder caused by genetic mutation that reduces brain inhibition and leads to frequent and uncontrollable seizures. Traditional anti-epileptic medications are largely ineffective at preventing seizures in Dravet syndrome, but anecdotal reports from parents of children with the condition suggest that CBD-rich cannabis effectively reduces seizures. The researchers found that orally-consumed CBD oil over a 14-week treatment period was an effective anti-epileptic treatment in these patients, reducing the median number of seizures each month by 39% compared to 13% for placebo-treated patients. Further, these anti-epileptic benefits were achieved with only minimal side effects, of which diarrhea and drowsiness were the most reported. While these could be problematic in their own right, they beat having seizures and many of the side-effects from traditional anti-epileptic strategies. RELATED STORY: Cannabis and Epilepsy Treatment Because CBD was used as an add-on therapy to the patients’ other anti-epileptic medications, one of the limitations of this study was not being to identify if CBD on its own reduced seizures, or if its anti-epileptic abilities were through interaction with other medications. Nonetheless, this study’s double-blinded design was a substantial improvement over earlier assessments and benefited from a large sample size (61 received CBD, and 59 received placebo). Previous CBD trials found that it effectively reduced seizures in other drug-resistant forms of epilepsy, but the conclusions of these studies were weakened by their open-label nature, which allowed patients and doctors to be aware they were taking CBD and permitted bias. This is the largest and most successful clinical trial to-date to demonstrate the medicinal benefits of CBD, and it will likely convince many clinicians to consider CBD for treating the 20% of epileptic disorders that are poorly controlled by traditional anti-epileptic drugs. Add autism to the list of CBD’s medicinal benefits. Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, October 2017 Autism is often the result of too little inhibition in the brain, which leads to heightened sensitivity to stimuli (such as lights, sounds, touch, and smells) and abnormal social behavior. Epilepsy can also result from too little brain inhibition, and it’s common for individuals on the severe end of the autism spectrum to also have epilepsy. Scientists then may study both epilepsy and autism that are caused by the same DNA mutation. Soon after the exciting clinical data demonstrating CBD’s effectiveness at reducing seizures in children with drug-resistant epilepsy, University of Washington scientists published a report demonstrating CBD’s effectiveness in a mouse model of epilepsy and autism. RELATED STORY: How Does Cannabis Consumption Affect Autism? As described above, one of the limitations of the clinical study of CBD in patients with Dravet syndrome is that, for ethical reasons, patients remained on their anti-epileptic medications; CBD was used as an add-on therapy, leading skeptics to posit that CBD’s anti-epileptic effects were in fact mediated by an interaction between CBD and other medications. To assess if CBD had anti-epileptic effects on its own in drug-resistant epilepsy, scientists tested CBD’s effects in mice with the same genetic mutation as humans with Dravet syndrome. CBD increased the mice’s preference for spending time interacting with other mice and reduced the number of social anxiety-like behaviors. In these epileptic mice, scientists confirmed that CBD, by itself, was sufficient to reduce seizures. Further, it was revealed that CBD rescues deficits in brain inhibition by blocking the activity of a brain receptor called GPR55. Now that CBD’s anti-epileptic effects are better understood in the brain and have been observed in humans and rodents, there’s an especially compelling case for clinical use of CBD in treating drug-resistant epilepsies. But it doesn’t end there. In addition to epilepsy, children with Dravet syndrome and other epileptic disorders often have autism. Unfortunately, the phase III clinical trial of CBD’s efficacy on seizures wasn’t able to simultaneously address autism-like social deficits in these individuals. However, University of Washington scientists looked at CBD’s impact on autistic-like social deficits, and they revealed that CBD normalizes social behavior in mice. CBD increased the mice’s preference for spending time interacting with other mice and reduced the number of social anxiety-like behaviors. Critically, this improvement occurred even after the mice had undergone numerous seizures, which highlights its medicinal potential at any age. RELATED STORY: CBD and the Brain: What Does It Do and What Is It Good For? This was the first controlled study to demonstrate CBD’s ability to treat autistic-like social behaviors. CBD’s ability to improve symptoms of autism, even if it’s used in late developmental stages or adulthood, provides strong justification for the first human clinical trial to test cannabis oil in the treatment of autism, which is currently being conducted in 120 Israeli patients. Addressing 2016’s biggest health scare: Does CBD turn into THC in our stomach? Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, available online December 2017 In 2016, a report claiming that CBD gets converted to THC in the stomach raised fear among proponents and patients. CBD has been emerging as a powerful medicinal tool for treating numerous disorders in children, adolescents, and adults. However, if CBD were to be converted to THC, this could negatively impact brain development in children and adolescents and induce side effects in adults. Since that report, many have stated the obvious: If CBD gets converted to THC, then patients that consume large doses of CBD should experience THC-like effects. But they don’t! This simple observation prompted many to speculate that the conversion of CBD to THC was an artifact of the experimental conditions which were conducted in a petri dish and not a living creature. RELATED STORY: CBD vs. THC: Why Is CBD Not Psychoactive? To address whether CBD gets converted to THC in a living animal, scientists in Italy dosed rats with a high concentration of CBD and measured cannabinoids in the blood. Neither THC nor its metabolites were detected. These findings support the conclusions from behavioral studies in humans and animals that CBD does not convert to THC in the stomach in any meaningful amount. So in 2018, rest assured that you can attain CBD’s medicinal benefits without the potential risk of THC exposure. Eager for more of 2017’s most compelling cannabis research? Stay tuned for part two, where we dive into more good news brought forth by the scientists and researchers working boldly in the cannabis space. Lead Image: Kkolosov/iStock https://www.leafly.com/news/health/top-cbd-cannabis-research-2017
  32. 2 points
    The Top Cannabis Studies of 2017 Part 2, The Top Medical Cannabis Studies of 2017 Josh Kaplan The Top Medical Cannabis Studies of 2017 In part one of this series, we took a look at some of the most impactful studies in medical cannabis, specifically those relating to CBD. This next installment highlights several cannabis wins beyond CBD, as it shows promise in healthy aging, neurodegenerative disease, and more. Cannabis is a powerful weapon against the opioid epidemic. Source: International Journal of Drug Policy, April 2017 and PLoS One, November 2017 One of the biggest health news stories of 2017 has been the escalating need to address the opioid crisis. President Trump declared it a “national emergency,” but in addition to not allotting sufficient resources to prevent problematic opioid use, the Trump administration’s combat strategy doesn’t include cannabis. Research published in 2017 suggests that it should. 84% of patients who received access to medical cannabis reduced their opioid prescriptions, compared to 45% in the comparison group. Association studies over the last couple of years have identified that there are fewer opioid-related overdoses in states with access to medicinal cannabis. But those studies didn’t directly address whether medical cannabis led to improved pain management as an opioid substitute. Several studies published in 2017 address these issues. One surveyed 271 Canadian patients who were seeking prescription drug treatment for a variety of ailments including pain, anxiety, and depression; among these, 63% reported that cannabis substituted for their prescription medications. Specifically among pain patients, 30% reported that they swapped out their prescription opioids for cannabis. Patients reported that one of their greatest reasons for switching from opioids to cannabis wasn’t necessarily because of better symptom management (after all, opioids are effective pain killers…initially), but because there were fewer side effects associated with cannabis use. RELATED STORY: This Medical Cannabis Researcher Explains How Marijuana Can Combat the Opioid Epidemic University of New Mexico scientists put the substitutability of cannabis for opioids to the test in a cohort of chronic pain patients. The study compared prescription opioid use, mostly to treat back pain, between patients enrolled or not enrolled in New Mexico’s Medical Cannabis Program. They found that 84% of patients who received access to medical cannabis reduced their opioid prescriptions, compared to 45% in the comparison group. Notably, 41% of the cannabis users stopped using opioids altogether. As described in previous surveys, cannabis use was not found to cause any serious side effects. Instead, it was associated with improved measures of quality of life with noted benefits to their social and activity levels, as well as boosted concentration. These studies are the latest to support cannabis’ benefits in reducing opioid use. They find that cannabis can either substitute for prescription pain medication or supplement its effect, thus requiring fewer opioid pills to be consumed. And all of this with few side-effects! RELATED STORY: Cannabis as an Opioid Exit: 5 Real-Life Stories Low doses of THC promote healthy brain aging. Source: Nature Medicine, June 2017 As the mature brain ages in adulthood, its endocannabinoid system weakens. The number of CB1 receptors–the receptors through which cannabis takes its classic effect–decrease with age, and the ones that remain are less effective. It’s thought that the weakened endocannabinoid system in the elderly contributes to their cognitive decline. This past spring, a research team from Germany reported that consistently activating CB1 receptors with low doses of THC prevents age-related cognitive decline in mice. In old mice, THC increased the number of connections brain cells made with one another in the hippocampus. For 28 days, scientists gave a single low-dose of THC to young and old mice, after which they were tested for learning, memory, and cognitive flexibility (i.e., how well they could adapt to changing instructions). Old mice generally perform worse than young mice in these tasks, but THC impaired performance in young mice. However, old mice treated with THC performed similarly to their younger cohorts that did not receive THC, revealing that THC can impair brain function in the young, but rescue age-related decline in old animals. RELATED STORY: Less Is More: Why Low-Dose Cannabis Is Important These beneficial effects of THC in old mice were associated with positive changes at the level of individual brain cells. With aging, the number of connections between brain cells decreases. However, in old mice, THC increased the number of connections brain cells made with one another in a brain region called the hippocampus, which has important roles in learning and memory, and stress and anxiety. In fact, old mice treated with THC had a similar number of connections as untreated young mice. The scientists revealed that one way in which low-dose THC promotes healthy brain aging is by impacting the pattern in which certain genes are expressed. Genes, which are the DNA instructions for building all the proteins in your body, are differentially expressed depending on age; there are “young” gene expression patterns and “old” gene expression patterns. One of the marquee findings in this study was that low-dose THC shifted the old mice’s gene expression to look like that of the young animals. These results highlight the differential impact that THC can have on the brain and behavior as a function of age. But while many seek to better understand the harm that THC can have in the developing brain, this study provides the first in a hopefully growing body of evidence showing the benefits it can have in the aged brain. RELATED STORY: Cannabis Study: How THC Affects Learning and Memory at Different Ages Cannabis tames symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Source: Clinical Neuropharmacology, November 2017 Cannabis cannot cure Parkinson’s disease, but there’s now evidence that cannabis can relieve many of the devastating symptoms associated with the disease. Parkinson’s disease is characterized by cognitive problems, difficulty initiating movement, impaired gait and balance, and tremor. Many Parkinson’s disease patients also report an increased sensitivity to pain. In a pilot study of 40 Parkinson’s disease patients, scientists from Tel Aviv University in Israel found that smoking medicinal cannabis for an average of 19 months improved many of the symptoms associated with the disease. 82% of participants reported that cannabis improved their overall symptoms. Cannabis reduced the number of falls, provided pain relief, reduced tremor, attenuated muscle stiffness, and improved sleep. Nearly 75% also reported that cannabis enhanced their mood, suggesting that cannabis may be an effective palliative care strategy for Parkinson’s disease patients. RELATED STORY: How Does Cannabis Consumption Affect Neurodegenerative Diseases? One of the ways in which cannabis may be having its beneficial effects on Parkinson’s disease symptoms is by activating CB1 receptors in the substantia nigra, a small brain region where brain cells are selectively destroyed in the disease. Activating CB1 receptors in this brain region may relieve the cognitive impairment, walking difficulty, and tremor associated with the disease. These benefits were associated with only minimal side effects. Cough was the most prevalent, and it’s likely that consuming cannabis in a method other than smoking would mitigate this side effect. The majority of participants reported that cannabis had no effect on memory, but 17% reported confusion and anxiety. The study did not control for type of cannabis consumed or measure cannabinoid content, but this is an important research direction to pursue in 2018. Cannabis can help escalate your sex life. Source: The Journal of Sexual Medicine, November 2017 There are many fear-inducing headlines when it comes to cannabis. But one of the latest to be debunked is that cannabis is bad for your sex life. Some claim that cannabis reduces sex drive or it impairs performance. Stanford University physicians analyzed sexual activity data from over 50,000 men and women and concluded that cannabis use actually increases frequency of sexual activity. This increase was found in both men and women and consistent across demographic groups. The study, however, did not address the effect of cannabis use on sexual performance. Regarding whether regular cannabis use impacts ability to attain an erection and achieve orgasm, the jury remains hung. RELATED STORY: Can Too Much Cannabis Numb Your Nethers and Affect Your Sexual Performance? Looking Forward In 2015, $21 million dollars in United States government funding went towards therapeutic cannabinoid research. That amount increased by a third in 2016, and is projected to rise even more in 2017. Almost half of this amount went towards studying CBD, which is thought to convey many of cannabis’ medicinal benefits. The increase in funding by the National Institute of Health is an acknowledgement of cannabis’ medicinal potential, and its recognition by the scientific community has led to a spike in the number of applications for Schedule I drug licenses from the Drug Enforcement Agency to study these benefits. It’s clear that momentum behind the medical cannabis movement is building, which will make for an exciting 2018… and beyond. Lead image: (gremlin/iStock) https://www.leafly.com/news/health/the-top-medical-cannabis-studies-of-2017
  33. 2 points
    Manitoba receives over 100 applications for private cannabis retail The Manitoba government announced today they are beginning to evaluate the more than 100 applications they have received to operate private retail cannabis stores in the province. Manitoba's... By Lift Staff December 28, 2017 The Manitoba government announced today they are beginning to evaluate the more than 100 applications they have received to operate private retail cannabis stores in the province. Manitoba's Growth, Enterprise and Trade Minister Blaine Pedersen made the announced today, stating that they expect to notify successful applicants by February, with a goal of having a legal cannabis regime in place by July 2, 2018. “Our hybrid distribution and retail model includes safeguards and responsible measures that will help keep cannabis out of the hands of our youth and away from the black market,” said Pedersen. “While the public sector has a very important role to play in providing oversight and ensuring the integrity of the system, there is also a significant role here for the private sector in operating all cannabis retail locations.” Manitoba announced their plans for a public/private model for cannabis distribution and sales on November 7, as well as their request for proposals (RFPs). The Premier said at the time that the province intends to take over 50% of the black market in the first year of legalization. The province will accept offers from up to four applications, approving at least one store each. Their model will see the Liquor and Gaming Authority (LGA) given an expanded mandate to regulate the purchase, storage, distribution and retail of cannabis. The Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries Corporation (MBLL) will secure and track supply of cannabis sold in Manitoba, while the private sector will operate all retail locations. “Provincial officials will be evaluating applications based on the established criteria in the RFP and an independent fairness monitor has been appointed to ensure the integrity of the process,” said Pedersen in today's release. “We remain committed to establishing a highly competitive retail environment that creates new economic opportunities at the community level.” Provincial regulation of wholesaling, distribution and retail will be through LGA, and a regulatory framework and licensing regime is in development. MBLL will be responsible for central administration, supply chain management and order processing. The Crown corporation will oversee the wholesale and distribution of product including leveraging economies of scale through bulk purchasing to undercut black-market pricing and supporting a diverse retail sector. All cannabis sold in retail stores must be purchased from MBLL, which will source product from federally licensed producers. Safe storage and shipment of product will be managed through either MBLL-owned and operated facilities and/or contracted third parties licensed through the LGA. https://news.lift.co/manitoba-receives-100-applications-private-cannabis-retail
  34. 2 points
    Nice Pics, sorry to hear about the police arrest thats a bummer. If you are using the same lamp for your seedlings as you have in the pics then you were right to have it higher, You should use an LED or fluorescent that would be safer and use less electricity as well. I do the same if they stretch and just add a couple of inches extra soil to the pot. Nice healthy looking plants you have there what happens if you get caught again? Your English is far superior to my non existent Latvian lol.
  35. 2 points
  36. 2 points
    that was good to see, you need your light lower down on the seedlings they are stretching a lot.
  37. 2 points
  38. 2 points
    Operation re-locate ballast successful with little loss of blood and a modicum of cursing! Bored a 7/8" hole up in the corner near the ceiling on the top shelf and moved the little shelf the ballast sits on to the outside of that wall. Had to take the power cord off the ballast to get it through the hole with the light cord and hook it back up on the other side but that's easy enough. Leaving the lid up for extra cooling with the 48F temps that are only going to get colder as the weather does. About 12 feet further down that wall is a spot where I have a 6" duct booster fan with a heater underneath to blow warm air into a cavity to keep our main water pipe up to the house from freezing up when it gets below -20C or so. I wonder if I used 10 gauge wire to extend the light cord that far if it would be OK? Then the ballast could take place of the heater 12 hours of the day. Just had a thought. Now I really have to make sure no one goes into the basement with that thing hanging out there to give me away. Going to tone down the CO2 thing. The plants are in recovery and starting to look like they are greening up but I'll wait a day and get pics tomorrow to compare to the day I treated them. Getting some light burn on a few of the closest leaves that likely wouldn't happen at lower temps as it was up to 88F with over 1600ppm CO2. You need healthy plants to run that kind of supercharger on them. Reset the heat control to 80 and going to keep the CO2 around 1000-1250. It's only been a day and it might be wishful thinking but the plants are looking greener like the colour is returning fast. I'll wait until tomorrow night and take a few pics to compare with the first ones.
  39. 2 points
    All three of them will get the chance to show what they can do once I get some rooted cuttings and they go into DWC. I'm going to do some more research on how best to feed them. Considering that hemp is supposed to manage well in poor soil I'm a bit surprised that the Otto is the worst of the bunch. It's basically a hemp strain that was selectively bred to be high in CBD. Maybe that makes it different and more susceptible to lousy conditions. Still not going to use any more of the Sensi. It can go into the compost that will be used in the garden next spring. Today I want to get my ballast out of the grow room and see if that's enough to keep the temps below 90 in there so the exhaust fan doesn't come on at all and the fan will only be triggered if the RH gets too high like 75%. That way there will be a steady level of CO2 in there. There's no big buds on the plants to worry about so the higher RH shouldn't be a problem. I'll drill a hole in the wall so I can run the light cord out into the basement proper and move that little shelf the ballast sits on out there to keep the ballast off the floor. The MH ballast has a hinged top and I opened it up yesterday to have that small USB fan blow directly into the box rather than try to move air thru the louvers. Lot of heat blowing out of there and it's much cooler outside the grow room. There are no holes or louvers in the bottom or top of the ballast case so once I'm not using it I'm going to take the guts out and drill a bunch of holes in it for better cooling.
  40. 2 points
    The Liberals said they were going to set aside over 200 million dollars for police enforcement. Makes alot of sense let's legalize it and then pay to enforce the new laws. Prohibition 2.0 got to annihilate the competition so that ex cops and liberal cronies can make a fortune. So sick of the commercialization and greed of this monopoly of evil.
  41. 2 points
    It's 9-10 days since I flipped and not much is happening yet, Still getting bad leaves and think using my 3 year old Sensi Grow has screwed something up. Could just be the plants as I've never grown any of these CBD girls before but don't really think that's it. With every other strain I've grown I'm getting pea to marble sized buds at the end of week one and almost nothing from these yet especially the Otto#1 Just one or two pre-flowers at each bud site that it had prior to flipping. Almost the same with one of the others and tiny buds on the one on the right but no real increase from what it had at the start. I've double checked for light leaks and it's black as the inside of a politicians heart in there at light's out. I'm thinking maybe it's the light I'm using. Just got those new ones so will be swapping in my big Hortilux 1000w on my old MH ballast as it's proven to work great or two 400s with one Hortilux bulb and a SolarMax that have both grown nice colas in the past. These are supposed to be short flowering time plants so should be further along than they are. Not posting a pic as there's nothing new to show. Something new tho. I bought a simple GroZone USCO2 controller to hook up to a 70lb tank I bought a couple years ago at a yard sale only to find out that they won't fill it unless you have an account and rent a tank from them. They use a serial # on the tank to connect it to an account and with my luck it was probably stolen and I'll get the shit for it. $120/yr for tank lease and $124 for each refill so have to cough up $250 up front with tax to get one. So I'm sitting here with a $270 CO2 controller I can't use . . . or can I? A few years ago I made an alcohol burner to add CO2 but had no idea if it was enough so stopped using it. Then thought why not use the controller to see if the levels go up with it. Do they ever! I only takes about 15 min and the 1500ppm LED starts blinking indicating it's over 1600. There really isn't anything in the manual about using it just to monitor levels so I emailed them last night to find out. Had my answers when I fired up the computer this morning. Had another question so replied to that one and had a response in 15 min. From the CEO of GroZone nonetheless. Talk about great customer service! A big shout out to GroZone! made as well! Seems I could have just used it right out of the box for that but being the curious cat type had to run thru the whole process and do the troubleshooting part too and it worked perfect. This is the burner I made and today made another one the same but with only one wick for the veg room. Just a mason jar with 3/8" copper tubes soldered to the lid and tiki lamp wicks in them. Bit of a PITA as it's all manual and I'm up and down the stairs a dozen times a day but after getting my leaky appendix out recently after 5 years of profound fatigue and all sorts of gut pain and cramps I'm feeling way better and need the exercise to get myself in shape after years of sitting on my bony ass. Burning about 200mls of methyl hydrate downstairs per day and half that in the veg room but it's the first day. I ran tape up the side of the jar and marked it in 50ml increments so I can monitor consumption. I keep them in a metal can or stone crock in the middle of the room so if the jar were to break the alcohol is contained and there's nothing above to catch fire. Getting a couple of heat detectors or smoke alarms just to be safe. Only $8 for a 4L jug so won't cost much to use. Think I'm going to make a couple of smaller models to use less fuel so it stays around the 1000ppm range for veg and I don't have to run my temps up to 85 or so. Extra CO2 is proven to benefit plant growth at anything above the ambient 400ppm. Full 1500 and higher temps for the growth spurt during stretch and then back to 1000 for the rest of flowering. 10 min after lighting both wicks.
  42. 2 points
    Norway’s Parliament Votes To Decriminalize All Illegal Drugs What this means for the country. By Mike Adams Published December 19, 2017 Swiping a crucial chapter out of the good book of Portuguese drug policy, the Norwegians have stood up in favor of decriminalizing all illegal substances. The overall goal behind this newfound, common sense approach to dealing with the darkness of these addict days, is to replenish the soul of civil society by helping drug users sink their teeth into the treatment they need rather than try to change their ways in prison. It was late last week when the Norwegian Parliament, often referred to as the Storting, voted in favor of developing legislation that would eventually lead to the decriminalization of all controlled substances. According to a report from the Independent, the majority of the lawmakers agreed that it makes more sense to put ailing addicts into rehab programs, while saving the throes of the criminal justice system for dope slingers and other unsavory characters of the black market drug trade. The policy change, once it takes effect, will not allow for the creation of a taxed and regulated market of any kind. This is not a call for legalization. Norway has simply taken the first step toward imposing reforms similar to that of Portugal, which decriminalized all illicit substances, including cocaine, heroin and marijuana, back in 2001. “It is important to emphasize that we do not legalize cannabis and other drugs, but we decriminalize,” said Sveinung Stensland, deputy chairman of the Storting Health Committee. “The change will take some time, but that means a changed vision: those who have a substance abuse problem should be treated as ill, and not as criminals with classical sanctions such as fines and imprisonment.” A report published earlier this year by the European Monitoring Centre for Drug and Addiction shows there were over 48,000 drug law violations in Norway in 2014. The country, which has a population of more than five million people, experienced almost 300 drug overdose deaths during that time. The latest plan would give anyone caught in possession of small amounts of illegal drugs the opportunity to enter into a treatment program rather than take their chances in the criminal justice system. The country intends to save its jail space for those offenders trying to capitalize on the distribution and sale of these outlaw substances. But it could take some time before the law changes. “It is important for all parties involved in this that it is about large-scale reforms: how to support people and help them out of drug abuse,” said Nicholas Wilkinson, health spokesperson for the Socialist Left party. “The most important thing is that this will be good reform. If we have to wait another year for it to really work, it’s worth it.” For now, there is no legislation on the table. The move by Parliament simply instructs the government to get serious about crafting Norway’s model of a society where drug use is no longer a crime. It’s likely that the new system will look a lot like the one that has been proving successful for nearly the past two decades in Portugal. Since the decriminalization policy was put into place there, the country has experienced fewer overdose deaths, less disease and more people than ever are taking advantage of drug treatment. It should come as no surprise that decriminalization has been way more effective than the country’s previous attempts to address the issue by running anti-drug campaigns. But the switch did not happen overnight. “These social movements take time,” Portugal drug czar, Dr. João Goulão, recently told the Guardian. He says it is possible the policy would have never gained any traction had the middle and upper class not been affected. “There was a point when you could not find a single Portuguese family that wasn’t affected,” Goulão said. “Every family had their addict, or addicts. This was universal in a way that the society felt: ‘We have to do something.’” Last year, Norway rolled out a program that allowed drug addicts to be sentenced to treatment rather than jail. The goal of this new concept was to try and clean up addicts that found themselves in trouble with the law—give them a second chance to exist drug-free within their communities without being forced to see the inside of a prison cell. But the program failed to some degree. Anyone who violated drug treatment, either by testing positive for drugs or simply not showing up to participate, was immediately thrown in prison for the remainder of his or her sentence. In Portugal, drug offenders are not forced to enter into treatment as part of their sentence. It’s on them. Because of this, many choose to utilize this resource in hopes of establishing a better quality of life. It is expected that Norway will follow this philosophy when drafting its reform. It’s unfortunately the United States government cannot seem to wrap its swelled head around this idea. On Capitol Hill, the concensus is that the drug problem is still really only affecting the poor and what’s left of the middle class. But the reality is that drug addiction has now officially gone mainstream. Drugs are more popular than Jesus Christ. It has become a new religion inside the tired veins of a people, white, black, pink and blue, still searching for an American dream that never really existed. Make America Great Again? Good luck. https://hightimes.com/news/norways-parliament-votes-decriminalize-illegal-drugs
  43. 2 points
    Dammit, I welcomed spammers with open arms. I love the alterations made to their profiles! Keep up the good work!! I feel a little foolish; now I see this thread was started way back in May by a spammer, and resurrected today by another spammer...hope they're both very unsuccessful in their endeavors. Maybe I can hijack this POS and turn it into a productive conversation.... dr_weed - whatcha growin under that LED array? I used two Platinum LED P300s to light my grow space. Check out my little scrog in the grow files forum....last grow for me in who knows how long.
  44. 2 points
    I am using the following: Marshydro MarsII 900W LED Grow Light Full Spectrum for Indoor Plants Lighting Veg and Flower And no complaints --- is working quite well in my 4x4 grow tent.
  45. 1 point
    Yes, when I was looking at them that's the conclusion I came to, mars, platinum and others all looked to be just the cheap units with a fancy paint job done for a US companies to sell as their own products, as everyone was shy about using the no name brands from ebay due to the quality of the LEDs. The one I have has no name, it was the cheapest I could find on ebay, as they all looked the same, had the same light spectrum info, used the same amount of power, except for the color of the units their was no difference I could see.
  46. 1 point
  47. 1 point
    Everything You Need to Know About Pre-Filled Oil Vape Cartridges Patrick Bennett (Leafly) When it comes to ease of use, portability, and functionality, one cannabis product stands tall above the rest. You may know them as pre-loaded cannabis oil vape cartridges, hash oil vape pens, or even disposable wax pens. These relatively new and exciting devices have permeated the cannabis concentrate market over the last several years, quickly becoming the go-to concentrate-based product for both the novice and accustomed cannabis fans. Browse Cannabis Cartridges However, when it comes to choosing the right pre-loaded disposable pen, various factors stand in the way of making a decision. Although many of these products seem aesthetically similar at first glance, there are a myriad of nuances that distinguish them from one another. RELATED STORY Which Type of Vaporizer Best Suits You? Understanding the differences between these disposable pens can help you make an educated decision on which product is right for your consumption. Why Choose a Pre-Filled Oil Vape Cartridge? If you’re new to pre-filled oil vape cartridges, there are many benefits to using them that I’ve outlined below. Ease of Use Deciding to use a pre-filled cannabis oil vape cartridge takes the guesswork completely out of the equation. Contrary to other methods of using hash oil such as a dab rig and nail setup, or even manual portable vape pens which require self-loading, pre-filled “carts” require little to no effort whatsoever. At most, these products may require you to press a button to inhale. In fact, most of the time you don’t even have to worry about the battery life—many products are designed so that charging the battery isn’t even necessary. RELATED STORY The Beginner’s Guide to Buying Dabs and Cannabis Extracts Portability Pre-filled oil vape carts are the easiest method of enjoying hash oil while on the go. Their sleek and minimalist design allows for discreet vaping, free of the distracting qualities that larger setups or raw cannabis products may carry (such as noticeable smoke or odor). RELATED STORY The Best Discreet Vape Pens and Portable Vaporizers Dosing For uninitiated cannabis concentrate users, dosing can be a major concern. Nobody wants an overwhelming experience when attempting to enjoy cannabis oil products responsibly. Unlike dabbing, using a pre-loaded vape pen allows for a highly controlled dose with each inhalation. This gives the user full autonomy of how much or little to consume. RELATED STORY Dab Dosage Guide: How to Dose Cannabis Oils and Concentrates The Types of Pre-Filled Cartridges Available Familiarize yourself with the many types of pre-filled oil vape cartridges on the market so you can purchase the one that best fits your needs or preferences. Find a Portable Vaporizer Cartridge/Battery Combos vs. Disposables When choosing a pre-filled vape pen, there are several hardware options. Some products are offered in tanks that typically come formatted with a 510 threaded standard vaporizer battery insert. These tanks can fit on any battery that contains the 510 threading, and nowadays almost all battery tanks come in this format. The exception to this is when you purchase pre-loaded tanks designed by companies to fit their personalized batteries. An example would be the PAX Era Pods, which are designed to be used with their vaporizer/battery systems. RELATED STORY Meet the PAX Era and PAX 3, the Newest PAX Vaporizers Alternatively, many pre-loaded vape pens are available as “disposables,” containing a pre-charged battery designed to support the device until the tank empties. These pen varieties require no charging and are meant to be disposed after use. They contain no threading and are not meant to be separated from their battery. Distillate Cartridges vs. CO2 Hash oil tends to be a highly viscous substance, making it substantially difficult to use with standard vaporizer hardware. This has led the pre-loaded vaporizer market in a series of directions to design a product that functions properly with standard atomizers. Methods have been taken to “cut” or infuse standard hash oil with various substances such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), or even medium chain triglycerides (MCT) such as coconut oil in order to maintain a less viscous and lasting consistency conducive to standard atomizer functionality. RELATED STORY Cannabis and Coconut Oil: Uses, Benefits, and a Recipe to Make Your Own While the use of such agents has been subject to controversy, market innovators have found several ways to mitigate this concern by developing alternative extraction techniques. An example of this is the use of distillates in pre-loaded vape pens. Distillation takes the standard CO2 extraction process used in most disposable pen varieties and refines the oil once more through a fractioning process to produce a substance with a much higher cannabinoid purity. Distillate, being less viscous, is much easier to use in pre-loaded vape pens and does not require cutting agents. RELATED STORY List of Major Cannabinoids in Cannabis and Their Effects Terpene Infusions and Strain-Specific Flavorings Alternatively, the use of terpenes has been found to help cut the viscosity of hash oil as well, making this another, potentially safer, alternative to traditional cutting agents. Terpenes not only add flavor and aromatics to the experience, they can alter the effects due to their ability to influence how cannabinoids interact with our system. Explore Terpene Concentrates There are several ways to use terpenes with pre-filled vaporizer cartridges. Food-grade terpene flavorings, for example, are arguably the most prevalent as well as the lowest quality when it comes to flavor and experience. Terpenes are found all over nature, and can also be synthesized in a lab. Take d-limonene for example, a popular terpene additive that is found in some cannabis varietals. Many manufacturers use food-grade d-limonene as the sole flavoring additive for their pre-loaded cartridges. Although this helps to cut the viscosity of the oil as well as offer a mild flavor enhancement, infusions such as this tend to be one-dimensional and offer little to nothing in enhancing experience to the user. RELATED STORY What Is Limonene and What Are the Benefits of This Cannabis Terpene? When shopping for cartridges, oftentimes these types of pens will be labeled as “lemon/lime”-flavored to represent this additive being used. Many other food-grade terpenes are used in this respect, which is why it’s important to check with your budtender and read labels carefully when buying terpene-infused cartridges. Products Labeled by Effect Many times, pre-filled oil vape cartridges are labeled and marketed by their supposed effect on the user. Products of this variety tend to claim they provide “relaxing” or “energetic” effects, with some often being labeled as indica, sativa, or even hybrid. When infused into a product, these terpene combinations are designed to give effects similar to what you would find in particular cannabis strains. RELATED STORY Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid: What’s the Difference Between Cannabis Types? Whether they’re infused with food-grade terpenes or naturally-derived terpenes extracted from cannabis strains, many of these products incorporate carefully mixed combinations similar to what would be traced in a strain or strain type. How well these infusions imitate the strain varieties they mimic is debatable; however, products with terpene combinations tend to give a more enhanced experience than a similar product containing one or no terpenes. Cannabinoid-Specific Cartridges Although many hash oil pen varieties are labeled by flavor or effect, some focus on cannabinoid concentration. Aside from the typical high-THC product that most pens offer, there are some manufacturers that offer products containing elevated levels of cannabidiol (CBD). RELATED STORY What Are High-CBD Cannabis Strains and How Do They Differ From High-THC Strains? High-CBD pens may or may not contain added flavorings, but they do guarantee a ratio of THC to CBD that can range from 2:1 all the way to 20:1 and greater. These types of pens offer great medicinal value to those looking for CBD in an easy-to-consume product. Full-Spectrum Cartridges The pinnacle of pre-loaded oil cartridges in terms of overall quality rests with full-spectrum extracts. These products are created using the entire spectrum of bioavailable molecules found within a given cannabis strain. A full-spectrum oil does not add, reintroduce, or remove any active compound within a strain and offers a flavor and effect far superior and multidimensional to most competitors. RELATED STORY Full-Spectrum Extracts: An Inside Look at This Hash Oil Pre-filled full-spectrum cartridges are hard to come by and are only offered in certain markets; their price tends to reflect their rarity as well. If you’re fortunate enough to live in a market where these products are available, it’s highly recommended to fork up the extra cash to give one a shot. In terms of strain comparability, the flavor on a full-spectrum cart is incredibly similar to what you would experience in a strain. Browse Cannabis Vape Pens All in all, there are many types of pre-filled oil cartridge varieties to consider, each one with its pros and cons. If you’re interested in learning more about these types of products, alway ask your local budtender before committing to a purchase. Oftentimes labels only offer a fraction of the information compared to the knowledge and expertise of a cannabis professional such as a budtender. Regardless of your taste, there’s bound to be a hash oil cartridge option available to suit your individual needs https://www.leafly.com/news/strains-products/what-are-pre-filled-cannabis-oil-vape-cartridges
  48. 1 point
    Your truth. I just was afraid to burn them. But it was ok, after that i buried them deeper, till first leaves. Harvest was pretty good, about 350 gramms dry budds. Unfortunally i was arrested, cuz its not legal in my country. They gave me 3.5 years of suspended sentence`s.
  49. 1 point
    Might just cough up the $250 and get big tank of CO2 and be done with it.
  50. 1 point
    Hey Shaughnny, I believe what GBuds meant is that as the lime slowly dissolves, the pH will continue to go up. I would not add more, but give it a week then check it again. You may want to check every day or two, and take note of the results, as an experiment of sorts. I've read that runoff is not the most accurate way of measuring soil pH. Instead, half fill a small glass or cup with your media, then add enough water to make a slurry...that is, enough water to have a little excess when well mixed. Some growers say this soil sample should be near the roots, but that only works when transplanting Anyway, once the slutty, I mean sluRRy has sat for half an hour, take the pH. Btw, thanks for GBuds for the info on pH